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Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation


Schwarzer, R; Luszczynska, A; Ziegelmann, J P; Scholz, Urte; Lippke, S (2008). Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation. Health Psychology, 27(1 (Sup):S54-S63.

Abstract

Levels of physical exercise adherence are not predicted well by behavioral intentions. Therefore, action planning and recovery self-efficacy were specified as proximal predictors to bridge the gap between intentions and adherence. The prediction model was examined in 3 studies with participants who were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation (Study 1, N = 353; Study 2, N = 114) or orthopedic rehabilitation (Study 3, N = 368). Main Outcome Measure: Each study included 3 measurement points in time, covering a period between 4 and 12 months. Intentions, planning, self-efficacy, and exercise levels were assessed. Structural equation modeling revealed that 1 common model fit all 3 data sets well. Results differed in terms of variance accounted for, but the overall patterns of estimated parameters were similar. Conclusions: Although health risk perception appeared to be a negligible factor,
action planning and recovery self-efficacy were effective predictors of physical exercise adherence.

Levels of physical exercise adherence are not predicted well by behavioral intentions. Therefore, action planning and recovery self-efficacy were specified as proximal predictors to bridge the gap between intentions and adherence. The prediction model was examined in 3 studies with participants who were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation (Study 1, N = 353; Study 2, N = 114) or orthopedic rehabilitation (Study 3, N = 368). Main Outcome Measure: Each study included 3 measurement points in time, covering a period between 4 and 12 months. Intentions, planning, self-efficacy, and exercise levels were assessed. Structural equation modeling revealed that 1 common model fit all 3 data sets well. Results differed in terms of variance accounted for, but the overall patterns of estimated parameters were similar. Conclusions: Although health risk perception appeared to be a negligible factor,
action planning and recovery self-efficacy were effective predictors of physical exercise adherence.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:January 2008
Deposited On:17 Dec 2008 15:31
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:39
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN:0278-6133
Publisher DOI:10.1037/0278-6133.27.1(Suppl.).S54
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-7243

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