UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Autophagy regulates TNFα-mediated joint destruction in experimental arthritis


Lin, Neng-Yu; Beyer, Christian; Gießl, Andreas; Kireva, Trayana; Scholtysek, Carina; Uderhardt, Stefan; Munoz, Luis Enrique; Dees, Clara; Distler, Alfiya; Wirtz, Stefan; Krönke, Gerhard; Spencer, Brian; Distler, Oliver; Schett, Georg; Distler, Jörg H W (2013). Autophagy regulates TNFα-mediated joint destruction in experimental arthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 72(5):761-768.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Autophagy is a homeostatic process to recycle dispensable and damaged cell organelles. Dysregulation of autophagic pathways has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Here, we investigated the role of autophagy during joint destruction in arthritis. METHODS: Autophagy in osteoclasts was analysed in vitro and ex vivo by transmission electron microscopy, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry for Beclin1 and Atg7. Small molecule inhibitors, LysMCre-mediated knockout of Atg7 and lentiviral overexpression of Beclin1 were used to modulate autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Osteoclast differentiation markers were quantified by real-time PCR. The extent of bone and cartilage destruction was analysed in human tumour necrosis factor α transgenic (hTNFα tg) mice after adoptive transfer with myeloid specific Atg7-deficient bone marrow. RESULTS: Autophagy was activated in osteoclasts of human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) showing increased expression of Beclin1 and Atg7. TNFα potently induced the expression of autophagy-related genes and activated autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Activation of autophagy by overexpression of Beclin1-induced osteoclastogenesis and enhanced the resorptive capacity of cultured osteoclasts, whereas pharmacologic or genetic inactivation of autophagy prevented osteoclast differentiation. Arthritic hTNFα tg mice transplanted with Atg7(fl/fl)×LysMCre(+) bone marrow cells (BMC) showed reduced numbers of osteoclasts and were protected from TNFα-induced bone erosion, proteoglycan loss and chondrocyte death. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that autophagy is activated in RA in a TNFα-dependent manner and regulates osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. We thus provide evidence for a central role of autophagy in joint destruction in RA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Autophagy is a homeostatic process to recycle dispensable and damaged cell organelles. Dysregulation of autophagic pathways has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Here, we investigated the role of autophagy during joint destruction in arthritis. METHODS: Autophagy in osteoclasts was analysed in vitro and ex vivo by transmission electron microscopy, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry for Beclin1 and Atg7. Small molecule inhibitors, LysMCre-mediated knockout of Atg7 and lentiviral overexpression of Beclin1 were used to modulate autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Osteoclast differentiation markers were quantified by real-time PCR. The extent of bone and cartilage destruction was analysed in human tumour necrosis factor α transgenic (hTNFα tg) mice after adoptive transfer with myeloid specific Atg7-deficient bone marrow. RESULTS: Autophagy was activated in osteoclasts of human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) showing increased expression of Beclin1 and Atg7. TNFα potently induced the expression of autophagy-related genes and activated autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Activation of autophagy by overexpression of Beclin1-induced osteoclastogenesis and enhanced the resorptive capacity of cultured osteoclasts, whereas pharmacologic or genetic inactivation of autophagy prevented osteoclast differentiation. Arthritic hTNFα tg mice transplanted with Atg7(fl/fl)×LysMCre(+) bone marrow cells (BMC) showed reduced numbers of osteoclasts and were protected from TNFα-induced bone erosion, proteoglycan loss and chondrocyte death. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that autophagy is activated in RA in a TNFα-dependent manner and regulates osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. We thus provide evidence for a central role of autophagy in joint destruction in RA.

Citations

62 citations in Web of Science®
65 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English, German
Date:2013
Deposited On:14 Feb 2013 16:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:27
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0003-4967
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-201671
PubMed ID:22975756

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations