UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Epstein-Barr virus infection and altered control of apoptotic pathways in posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders


Ghigna, Maria-Rosa; Reineke, Tanja; Rincé, Patricia; Schüffler, Peter; El Mchichi, Bouchra; Fabre, Monique; Jacquemin, Emmanuel; Durrbach, Antoine; Samuel, Didier; Joab, Irène; Guettier, Catherine; Lucioni, Marco; Paulli, Marco; Tinguely, Marianne; Raphael, Martine (2013). Epstein-Barr virus infection and altered control of apoptotic pathways in posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Pathobiology : Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology, 80(2):53-59.

Abstract

Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) represent a spectrum of lymphoid diseases complicating the clinical course of transplant recipients. Most PTLD are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated with viral latency type III. Several in vitro studies have revealed an interaction between EBV latency proteins and molecules of the apoptosis pathway. Data on human PTLD regarding an association between Bcl-2 family proteins and EBV are scarce. We analyzed 60 primary PTLD for expression of 8 anti- (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, and Mcl-1) and proapoptotic proteins (Bak and Bax), the so-called BH3-only proteins (Bad, Bid, Bim, and Puma), as well as the apoptosis effector cleaved PARP by immunohistochemistry. Bim and cleaved PARP were both significantly (p = 0.001 and p = 5.251e-6) downregulated in EBV-positive compared to EBV-negative PTLD [Bim: 6/40 (15%), cleaved PARP: 10/43 (23%), vs. Bim: 13/16 (81%), cleaved PARP: 12/17 (71%)]. Additionally, we observed a tendency toward increased Bcl-2 protein expression (p = 0.24) in EBV-positive PTLD. Hence, we provide evidence of a distinct regulation of Bcl-2 family proteins in EBV-positive versus negative PTLD. The low-expression pattern of the proapoptotic proteins Bim and cleaved PARP together with the high-expression pattern of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 by trend in EBV-positive tumor cells suggests disruption of the apoptotic pathway by EBV in PTLD, promoting survival signals in the host cells.

Abstract

Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) represent a spectrum of lymphoid diseases complicating the clinical course of transplant recipients. Most PTLD are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated with viral latency type III. Several in vitro studies have revealed an interaction between EBV latency proteins and molecules of the apoptosis pathway. Data on human PTLD regarding an association between Bcl-2 family proteins and EBV are scarce. We analyzed 60 primary PTLD for expression of 8 anti- (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, and Mcl-1) and proapoptotic proteins (Bak and Bax), the so-called BH3-only proteins (Bad, Bid, Bim, and Puma), as well as the apoptosis effector cleaved PARP by immunohistochemistry. Bim and cleaved PARP were both significantly (p = 0.001 and p = 5.251e-6) downregulated in EBV-positive compared to EBV-negative PTLD [Bim: 6/40 (15%), cleaved PARP: 10/43 (23%), vs. Bim: 13/16 (81%), cleaved PARP: 12/17 (71%)]. Additionally, we observed a tendency toward increased Bcl-2 protein expression (p = 0.24) in EBV-positive PTLD. Hence, we provide evidence of a distinct regulation of Bcl-2 family proteins in EBV-positive versus negative PTLD. The low-expression pattern of the proapoptotic proteins Bim and cleaved PARP together with the high-expression pattern of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 by trend in EBV-positive tumor cells suggests disruption of the apoptotic pathway by EBV in PTLD, promoting survival signals in the host cells.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

6 downloads since deposited on 15 Mar 2013
5 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:15 Mar 2013 09:50
Last Modified:09 Jun 2016 06:23
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1015-2008
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000339722
PubMed ID:22868923

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 456kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations