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Effects on cardiopulmonary function and oxygen delivery of doses of romifidine and xylazine followed by constant rate infusions in standing horses


Ringer, Simone K; Schwarzwald, Colin C; Portier, Karine G; Ritter, Annette; Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Regula (2013). Effects on cardiopulmonary function and oxygen delivery of doses of romifidine and xylazine followed by constant rate infusions in standing horses. Veterinary Journal, 195(2):228-234.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary effects of a xylazine or romifidine loading-dose, followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) of the same α(2)-agonist. Nine research horses were treated in a randomized, blinded, crossover design with xylazine or romifidine. After instrumentation, a loading dose of intravenous xylazine (1mg/kg) or romifidine (80μg/kg) was administered, immediately followed by a CRI of xylazine (0.69mg/kg/h) or romifidine (30μg/kg/h) for a duration of 2h. Cardiopulmonary variables were recorded before bolus administration, during CRI, and for 1h after discontinuing drug administration. A significant decrease in haemoglobin concentration (tHb), arterial oxygen content (CaO(2)), oxygen delivery (D˙O(2)), mixed venous partial pressure of oxygen, heart rate, and cardiac output (Q˙t) followed the loading dose with both treatments. Carotid arterial blood pressure (ABP), systemic vascular resistance, and right atrial pressure (RAP) increased significantly. The increased ABP was followed by a significant decrease compared to baseline. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly with romifidine only. No significant changes in stroke volume, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, and oxygen consumption were observed. Changes in Q˙t and RAP were more pronounced with romifidine. During CRI, tHb, and CaO(2) were significantly higher with romifidine, whereas D˙O(2) did not differ between treatments. Overall, cardiopulmonary effects were more pronounced and lasted longer with romifidine compared to xylazine. However, during CRI, there was no difference in D˙O(2) between drugs. With both α(2)-agonists, cardiovascular effects were most pronounced after loading dose administration and tended to stabilize during CRI.

The objective of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary effects of a xylazine or romifidine loading-dose, followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) of the same α(2)-agonist. Nine research horses were treated in a randomized, blinded, crossover design with xylazine or romifidine. After instrumentation, a loading dose of intravenous xylazine (1mg/kg) or romifidine (80μg/kg) was administered, immediately followed by a CRI of xylazine (0.69mg/kg/h) or romifidine (30μg/kg/h) for a duration of 2h. Cardiopulmonary variables were recorded before bolus administration, during CRI, and for 1h after discontinuing drug administration. A significant decrease in haemoglobin concentration (tHb), arterial oxygen content (CaO(2)), oxygen delivery (D˙O(2)), mixed venous partial pressure of oxygen, heart rate, and cardiac output (Q˙t) followed the loading dose with both treatments. Carotid arterial blood pressure (ABP), systemic vascular resistance, and right atrial pressure (RAP) increased significantly. The increased ABP was followed by a significant decrease compared to baseline. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly with romifidine only. No significant changes in stroke volume, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, and oxygen consumption were observed. Changes in Q˙t and RAP were more pronounced with romifidine. During CRI, tHb, and CaO(2) were significantly higher with romifidine, whereas D˙O(2) did not differ between treatments. Overall, cardiopulmonary effects were more pronounced and lasted longer with romifidine compared to xylazine. However, during CRI, there was no difference in D˙O(2) between drugs. With both α(2)-agonists, cardiovascular effects were most pronounced after loading dose administration and tended to stabilize during CRI.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Horse Romifidine Xylazine Cardiopulmonary function Oxygen delivery
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 10:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:27
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1090-0233
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.06.036
PubMed ID:22841452
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-72744

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