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Size and subclasses of low-density lipoproteins in patients with obstructive sleep apnea


Sopkova, Zuzana; Berneis, Kaspar; Rizzo, Manfredi; Spinas, Giatgen A; Dorkova, Zuzana; Tisko, Radovan; Tkacova, Ruzena (2012). Size and subclasses of low-density lipoproteins in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Angiology, 63(8):617-621.

Abstract

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have proatherogenic dyslipidemia. We analyzed predictors of low-density lipoproteins' (LDLs) size in patients with OSA. In a cross-sectional study including 58 participants with OSA (30 without the metabolic syndrome [MetS] and 28 with MetS), we evaluated the size of LDL by gradient gel electrophoresis. Compared with patients without the MetS, those with MetS showed lower LDL size (P = .007), due to a reduction in large LDL-I particles (P = .002) and an increase in small, dense LDL-IIIA (P = .048) and LDL-IIIB (P = .037). The size of LDL correlated inversely with age (r = -.268, P = .042) and serum triglycerides (r = -.364, P = .005), and positively with serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (r = .335, P = .010). In multiple regression analysis, the presence of the MetS was the only independent predictor of LDL size (P = 0.015). In patients with OSA, MetS is an independent predictor of LDL size and subclasses, whereas the severity of OSA does not contribute independently to alterations in LDL phenotype.

Abstract

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have proatherogenic dyslipidemia. We analyzed predictors of low-density lipoproteins' (LDLs) size in patients with OSA. In a cross-sectional study including 58 participants with OSA (30 without the metabolic syndrome [MetS] and 28 with MetS), we evaluated the size of LDL by gradient gel electrophoresis. Compared with patients without the MetS, those with MetS showed lower LDL size (P = .007), due to a reduction in large LDL-I particles (P = .002) and an increase in small, dense LDL-IIIA (P = .048) and LDL-IIIB (P = .037). The size of LDL correlated inversely with age (r = -.268, P = .042) and serum triglycerides (r = -.364, P = .005), and positively with serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (r = .335, P = .010). In multiple regression analysis, the presence of the MetS was the only independent predictor of LDL size (P = 0.015). In patients with OSA, MetS is an independent predictor of LDL size and subclasses, whereas the severity of OSA does not contribute independently to alterations in LDL phenotype.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 Feb 2013 09:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:31
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0003-3197
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0003319711433811
PubMed ID:22267848

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