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Wild-type tRNATyrG reads the TMV RNA stop codon, but Q base-modified tRNATyrQ does not


Bienz, M; Kubli, E (1981). Wild-type tRNATyrG reads the TMV RNA stop codon, but Q base-modified tRNATyrQ does not. Nature, 294(5837):188-190.

Abstract

Although protein synthesis usually terminates when a stop codon is reached along the messenger RNA sequence, there are examples, mainly in viruses, of the stop codon being suppressed by a tRNA species. A strong candidate for this phenomenon occurs in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in the form of two proteins (110K and 160K, of molecular weights 110,000 and 160,000, respectively)1, sharing an N-terminus sequence, which are translated in vitro from a purified species of viral RNA. We have investigated the identity of the tRNA responsible for production of the 160K protein and show here that it is one of the tyrosine tRNAs. Another tyrosine tRNA, in which the first base of the anticodon is highly modified, does not act as a suppressor, indicating the possible regulatory function of such modifications.

Although protein synthesis usually terminates when a stop codon is reached along the messenger RNA sequence, there are examples, mainly in viruses, of the stop codon being suppressed by a tRNA species. A strong candidate for this phenomenon occurs in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in the form of two proteins (110K and 160K, of molecular weights 110,000 and 160,000, respectively)1, sharing an N-terminus sequence, which are translated in vitro from a purified species of viral RNA. We have investigated the identity of the tRNA responsible for production of the 160K protein and show here that it is one of the tyrosine tRNAs. Another tyrosine tRNA, in which the first base of the anticodon is highly modified, does not act as a suppressor, indicating the possible regulatory function of such modifications.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Zoology (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:1981
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:15
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
Publisher DOI:10.1038/294188a0

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