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Automatic detection of small bowel contraction frequencies in motility plots using lomb-scargle periodogram and sinus-fitting method-initial experience


Bickelhaupt, Sebastian; Cattin, Roger; Froehlich, Johannes M; Raible, Stephan; Bouquet, Hanspeter; Bill, Urs; Patak, Michael A (2014). Automatic detection of small bowel contraction frequencies in motility plots using lomb-scargle periodogram and sinus-fitting method-initial experience. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 71(2):628-634.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Contraction frequencies are an important parameter for the analysis of bowel motility in MRI. The contraction curve can be rather noisy and the frequency-evaluation might be difficult. The aim was to evaluate manual calculations of small bowel contraction frequency in comparison with automatic calculations using two mathematically established methods. METHODS: The institutional-review-board approved study consisted of 48 segmental small-bowel motility-plots out of a previous study with 25 patients (15 men/10 women; mean 39 years, standard deviation ± 14.67) undergoing MRI (1.5 T, GE-Medical Systems; two-dimensional-Fiesta, pulse repetition time 2.91, echo time 1.25, flip-angle 45°, matrix 256 × 256, slice thickness 10 mm) were evaluated. Calculations of contraction frequency was performed either manually or using Lomb-Scargle-periodograms and Sinus-Fitting method. The results were compared using intraclass correlation coefficient, Friedman's-test and Wilcoxon-matched-paired-signed-rank-test (P < 0.05 considered statistically significant). RESULTS: Mean contraction frequency was 5.69 (standard deviation ± 1.99) for manual calculations showing moderate interreader reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.72; 95% confidence-interval: 0.59;0.82). No significant difference (P = 0.776) was found to Lomb-Scargle-periodograms (5.34 contractions-per-minute [cpm], standard deviation ± 2.47; P = 0.174) and to the sinus-fitting-method (5.47 cpm; standard deviation ± 2.57; P = 0.0779). For the latter calculations failed in 3/48 plots, while manual and Lomb-Scargle-periodograms could be performed successfully in all 48/48 plots. CONCLUSION: Herein, we could show that Lomb-Scargle-periodograms and Sinus-Fitting are fast and reliable methods to automatically measure small-bowel contraction frequencies even in noisy small bowel motility plots.

PURPOSE: Contraction frequencies are an important parameter for the analysis of bowel motility in MRI. The contraction curve can be rather noisy and the frequency-evaluation might be difficult. The aim was to evaluate manual calculations of small bowel contraction frequency in comparison with automatic calculations using two mathematically established methods. METHODS: The institutional-review-board approved study consisted of 48 segmental small-bowel motility-plots out of a previous study with 25 patients (15 men/10 women; mean 39 years, standard deviation ± 14.67) undergoing MRI (1.5 T, GE-Medical Systems; two-dimensional-Fiesta, pulse repetition time 2.91, echo time 1.25, flip-angle 45°, matrix 256 × 256, slice thickness 10 mm) were evaluated. Calculations of contraction frequency was performed either manually or using Lomb-Scargle-periodograms and Sinus-Fitting method. The results were compared using intraclass correlation coefficient, Friedman's-test and Wilcoxon-matched-paired-signed-rank-test (P < 0.05 considered statistically significant). RESULTS: Mean contraction frequency was 5.69 (standard deviation ± 1.99) for manual calculations showing moderate interreader reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.72; 95% confidence-interval: 0.59;0.82). No significant difference (P = 0.776) was found to Lomb-Scargle-periodograms (5.34 contractions-per-minute [cpm], standard deviation ± 2.47; P = 0.174) and to the sinus-fitting-method (5.47 cpm; standard deviation ± 2.57; P = 0.0779). For the latter calculations failed in 3/48 plots, while manual and Lomb-Scargle-periodograms could be performed successfully in all 48/48 plots. CONCLUSION: Herein, we could show that Lomb-Scargle-periodograms and Sinus-Fitting are fast and reliable methods to automatically measure small-bowel contraction frequencies even in noisy small bowel motility plots.

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4 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:21 Mar 2013 10:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:42
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0740-3194
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.24708
PubMed ID:23467927

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