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Computed tomographic perfusion imaging for the prediction of response and survival to transarterial radioembolization of liver metastases


Morsbach, Fabian; Pfammatter, Thomas; Reiner, Caecilia S; Fischer, Michael A; Sah, Bert-Ram; Winklhofer, Sebastian; Klotz, Ernst; Frauenfelder, Thomas; Knuth, Alexander; Seifert, Burkhardt; Schaefer, Niklaus; Alkadhi, Hatem (2013). Computed tomographic perfusion imaging for the prediction of response and survival to transarterial radioembolization of liver metastases. Investigative Radiology, 48(11):787-794.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively, in patients with liver metastases, the ability of computed tomographic (CT) perfusion to predict the morphologic response and survival after transarterial radioembolization (TARE). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (22 men; mean [SD] age, 63 [12] years) with otherwise therapy-refractory liver metastases underwent dynamic, contrast-enhanced CT perfusion within 1 hour before treatment planning catheter angiography, for calculation of the arterial perfusion (AP) of liver metastases, 20 days before TARE with Yttrium-90 microspheres. Treatment response was evaluated morphologically on follow-up imaging (mean, 114 days) on the basis of the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria (version 1.1). Pretreatment CT perfusion was compared between responders and nonresponders. One-year survival was calculated including all 38 patients using the Kaplan-Meier curves; the Cox proportional hazard model was used for calculating predictors of survival. RESULTS: Follow-up imaging was not available in 11 patients because of rapidly deteriorating health or death. From the remaining 27, a total of 9 patients (33%) were classified as responders and 18 patients (67%) were classified as nonresponders. A significant difference in AP was found on pretreatment CT perfusion between the responders and the nonresponders to the TARE (P < 0.001). Change in tumor size on the follow-up imaging correlated significantly and negatively with AP before the TARE (r = -0.60; P = 0.001). Receiver operating characteristics analysis of AP in relation to treatment response revealed an area under the curve of 0.969 (95% confidence interval, 0.911-1.000; P < 0.001). A cutoff AP of 16 mL per 100 mL/min was associated with a sensitivity of 100% (9/9) (95% CI, 70%-100%) and a specificity of 89% (16/18) (95% CI, 62%-96%) for predicting therapy response. A significantly higher 1-year survival after the TARE was found in the patients with a pretreatment AP of 16 mL per 100 mL/min or greater (P = 0.028), being a significant, independent predictor of survival (hazard ratio, 0.101; P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Arterial perfusion of liver metastases, as determined by pretreatment CT perfusion imaging, enables prediction of short-term morphologic response and 1-year survival to TARE.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively, in patients with liver metastases, the ability of computed tomographic (CT) perfusion to predict the morphologic response and survival after transarterial radioembolization (TARE). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (22 men; mean [SD] age, 63 [12] years) with otherwise therapy-refractory liver metastases underwent dynamic, contrast-enhanced CT perfusion within 1 hour before treatment planning catheter angiography, for calculation of the arterial perfusion (AP) of liver metastases, 20 days before TARE with Yttrium-90 microspheres. Treatment response was evaluated morphologically on follow-up imaging (mean, 114 days) on the basis of the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria (version 1.1). Pretreatment CT perfusion was compared between responders and nonresponders. One-year survival was calculated including all 38 patients using the Kaplan-Meier curves; the Cox proportional hazard model was used for calculating predictors of survival. RESULTS: Follow-up imaging was not available in 11 patients because of rapidly deteriorating health or death. From the remaining 27, a total of 9 patients (33%) were classified as responders and 18 patients (67%) were classified as nonresponders. A significant difference in AP was found on pretreatment CT perfusion between the responders and the nonresponders to the TARE (P < 0.001). Change in tumor size on the follow-up imaging correlated significantly and negatively with AP before the TARE (r = -0.60; P = 0.001). Receiver operating characteristics analysis of AP in relation to treatment response revealed an area under the curve of 0.969 (95% confidence interval, 0.911-1.000; P < 0.001). A cutoff AP of 16 mL per 100 mL/min was associated with a sensitivity of 100% (9/9) (95% CI, 70%-100%) and a specificity of 89% (16/18) (95% CI, 62%-96%) for predicting therapy response. A significantly higher 1-year survival after the TARE was found in the patients with a pretreatment AP of 16 mL per 100 mL/min or greater (P = 0.028), being a significant, independent predictor of survival (hazard ratio, 0.101; P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Arterial perfusion of liver metastases, as determined by pretreatment CT perfusion imaging, enables prediction of short-term morphologic response and 1-year survival to TARE.

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19 citations in Web of Science®
16 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:13 Jun 2013 13:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:49
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0020-9996
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0b013e31829810f7
PubMed ID:23748229

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