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Elite triathletes in 'Ironman Hawaii' get older but faster


Gallmann, Dalia; Knechtle, Beat; Rüst, Christoph Alexander; Rosemann, Thomas; Lepers, Romuald (2014). Elite triathletes in 'Ironman Hawaii' get older but faster. Age, 36(1):407-416.

Abstract

The age of peak performance has been well investigated for elite athletes in endurance events such as marathon running, but not for ultra-endurance (>6 h) events such as an Ironman triathlon covering 3.8 km swimming, 180 km cycling and 42 km running. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in the age and performances of the annual top ten women and men at the Ironman World Championship the 'Ironman Hawaii' from 1983 to 2012. Age and performances of the annual top ten women and men in overall race time and in each split discipline were analyzed. The age of the annual top ten finishers increased over time from 26 ± 5 to 35 ± 5 years (r (2) = 0.35, P < 0.01) for women and from 27 ± 2 to 34 ± 3 years (r (2) = 0.28, P < 0.01) for men. Overall race time of the annual top ten finishers decreased across years from 671 ± 16 to 566 ± 8 min (r (2) = 0.44, P < 0.01) for women and from 583 ± 24 to 509 ± 6 min (r (2) = 0.41, P < 0.01) for men. To conclude, the age of annual top ten female and male triathletes in the 'Ironman Hawaii' increased over the last three decades while their performances improved. These findings suggest that the maturity of elite long-distance triathletes has changed during this period and raises the question of the upper limits of the age of peak performance in elite ultra-endurance performance.

Abstract

The age of peak performance has been well investigated for elite athletes in endurance events such as marathon running, but not for ultra-endurance (>6 h) events such as an Ironman triathlon covering 3.8 km swimming, 180 km cycling and 42 km running. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in the age and performances of the annual top ten women and men at the Ironman World Championship the 'Ironman Hawaii' from 1983 to 2012. Age and performances of the annual top ten women and men in overall race time and in each split discipline were analyzed. The age of the annual top ten finishers increased over time from 26 ± 5 to 35 ± 5 years (r (2) = 0.35, P < 0.01) for women and from 27 ± 2 to 34 ± 3 years (r (2) = 0.28, P < 0.01) for men. Overall race time of the annual top ten finishers decreased across years from 671 ± 16 to 566 ± 8 min (r (2) = 0.44, P < 0.01) for women and from 583 ± 24 to 509 ± 6 min (r (2) = 0.41, P < 0.01) for men. To conclude, the age of annual top ten female and male triathletes in the 'Ironman Hawaii' increased over the last three decades while their performances improved. These findings suggest that the maturity of elite long-distance triathletes has changed during this period and raises the question of the upper limits of the age of peak performance in elite ultra-endurance performance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:09 Aug 2013 12:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:53
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0161-9152
Additional Information:The final publication is available at link.springer.com
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-013-9534-y
PubMed ID:23591938

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