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Women achieve peak swim performance in individual medley at earlier ages than men


Buhl, C; Knechtle, B; Rüst, C A; Rosemann, T; Lepers, R (2013). Women achieve peak swim performance in individual medley at earlier ages than men. Medicina Sportiva, 17(2):54-59.

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies suggested that the age of peak swim performance in freestyle swimming was ~17 years for women and ~19 years for men. However, no study investigated the age of peak swim performance in other disciplines such as individual medley.
Objective: To examine the change in the age of peak individual medley performance for both elite female and male Swiss swimmers from 1994 to 2011.
Methods: The change in age of peak individual medley performance was investigated for elite female and male swimmers from 1994 to 2011. For comparison, an analysis of freestyle swimming was also performed. Swim speed in 200m and 400m medley, sex and age of the top ten swimmers at national level (Switzerland) were analysed using linear regression and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: The age of peak swim speed was (P < 0.01) higher for men than for women in 200m medley (21.1 ± 1.0 vs 18.2 ± 0.8 years) and in 200m freestyle (21.4 ± 0.9 vs 19.3 ± 1.0 years). The age of peak swim speed was (P < 0.01) higher for men than for women in 400m medley (20.8 ± 0.4 vs 18.6 ± 0.7 years) and in 400m freestyle (20.3 ± 1.0 vs 18.6 ± 1.5 years). The age of peak swim speed remained unchanged across years for both medley and freestyle (P > 0.05). Swim performances improved for both swim styles and distances across years (P ≤ 0.03).
Conclusion: The age of peak swim performance in medley and freestyle remained stable and was lower for women than for men in elite Swiss swimmers during the 1994 to 2011 period. Future studies need to investigate the age of peak swim speed in swimmers at international level in other competitive swim strokes.
Key words: swim performance, gender difference, individual medley, freestyle

Introduction: Previous studies suggested that the age of peak swim performance in freestyle swimming was ~17 years for women and ~19 years for men. However, no study investigated the age of peak swim performance in other disciplines such as individual medley.
Objective: To examine the change in the age of peak individual medley performance for both elite female and male Swiss swimmers from 1994 to 2011.
Methods: The change in age of peak individual medley performance was investigated for elite female and male swimmers from 1994 to 2011. For comparison, an analysis of freestyle swimming was also performed. Swim speed in 200m and 400m medley, sex and age of the top ten swimmers at national level (Switzerland) were analysed using linear regression and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: The age of peak swim speed was (P < 0.01) higher for men than for women in 200m medley (21.1 ± 1.0 vs 18.2 ± 0.8 years) and in 200m freestyle (21.4 ± 0.9 vs 19.3 ± 1.0 years). The age of peak swim speed was (P < 0.01) higher for men than for women in 400m medley (20.8 ± 0.4 vs 18.6 ± 0.7 years) and in 400m freestyle (20.3 ± 1.0 vs 18.6 ± 1.5 years). The age of peak swim speed remained unchanged across years for both medley and freestyle (P > 0.05). Swim performances improved for both swim styles and distances across years (P ≤ 0.03).
Conclusion: The age of peak swim performance in medley and freestyle remained stable and was lower for women than for men in elite Swiss swimmers during the 1994 to 2011 period. Future studies need to investigate the age of peak swim speed in swimmers at international level in other competitive swim strokes.
Key words: swim performance, gender difference, individual medley, freestyle

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:12 Aug 2013 08:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:53
Publisher:Versita
ISSN:1429-0022
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://jml2012.indexcopernicus.com/abstract.php?icid=1055253
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-79782

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