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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8018

Lindenmeyer, M T; Rastaldi, M P; Ikehata, M; Neusser, M A; Kretzler, M; Cohen, C D; Schlöndorff, D (2008). Proteinuria and hyperglycemia induce endoplasmic reticulum stress. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), 19(11):2225-2236.

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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important site for protein folding and becomes “stressed” when its
capacity to fold proteins is overwhelmed. In response, “unfolded protein response” (UPR) genes are induced,
increasing the capacity to fold proteins; if the response is insufficient, then apoptosis ensues. For investigation
of whether proteinuria and hyperglycemia induce ER stress in renal epithelial cells, microarray data from
biopsies of established diabetic nephropathy (DN) were analyzed. Expression of UPR genes was significantly
different in these biopsies than in control kidneys or biopsies of patients with mild DN, suggesting an
association between the degree of DN and UPR gene expression. Expression of the transcription factor XBP1
and the ER chaperones HSPA5 and HYOU1 were increased, but the proapoptotic gene DDIT3 was unchanged.
These findings were replicated in an independent cohort of patients with established DN by
real-time reverse transcriptase–PCR. Immunofluorescence of renal biopsies from patients with DN confirmed
the upregulation for HSPA5 and HYOU1 proteins in tubular epithelia. In biopsies of minimal-change disease,
the mRNA levels of some ER stress molecules were also induced, but protein expression of HSPA5 and
HYOU1 remained significantly lower than that observed in DN. Exposure of renal tubular epithelial cells to
albumin and high glucose in vitro enhanced expression of genes involved in ER stress. These observations
suggest that in proteinuric diseases, tubular epithelial cells undergo ER stress, which induces an adaptive,
protective UPR. Although this may protect the cells from ER stress, persistence of hyperglycemia and
proteinuria may eventually lead to apoptosis.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:November 2008
Deposited On:22 Dec 2008 09:15
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 23:21
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology
Publisher DOI:10.1681/ASN.2007121313
PubMed ID:18776125
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 61
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