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Palladin is a dynamic actin-associated protein in podocytes


Endlich, N; Schordan, E; Cohen, C D; Kretzler, M; Lewko, B; Welsch, T; Kriz, W; Otey, C A; Endlich, K (2009). Palladin is a dynamic actin-associated protein in podocytes. Kidney International, 75(2):214-226.

Abstract

Palladin, a cytoskeletal protein with essential functions for stress fiber formation, is found in developing and mature tissues, including the kidney. To define its role in the kidney, we measured its expression in mouse kidney and found it co-localized with F-actin in smooth muscle cells of renal arterial vessels, mesangial cells, and podocytes but not in tubular epithelium. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we confirmed that palladin was present in podocytes. In cultured mouse podocytes, palladin co-localized with F-actin in dense regions of stress fibers, focal adhesions, cell–cell contacts and motile cell margins. Transfection with the N-terminal half of palladin targeted it to F-actin-containing structures in podocytes while the C-terminal half accumulated in the nucleus, a result also found for endogenous palladin in cultured cells after leptomycin B was used to block nuclear export. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged palladin was found in dynamic ring-like F-actin structures and ruffles in cultured podocytes after stimulation with epidermal growth factor. Inhibition of palladin expression by transfection of an antisense construct reduced the formation of ring-like structures. Photo-bleaching analysis showed that GFP-palladin turned over with a half-time of 10 s in focal adhesions and dense regions of stress fibers, suggesting that palladin is a dynamic scaffolding protein. Our study shows that palladin is expressed in podocytes and plays an important role in actin dynamics.

Palladin, a cytoskeletal protein with essential functions for stress fiber formation, is found in developing and mature tissues, including the kidney. To define its role in the kidney, we measured its expression in mouse kidney and found it co-localized with F-actin in smooth muscle cells of renal arterial vessels, mesangial cells, and podocytes but not in tubular epithelium. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we confirmed that palladin was present in podocytes. In cultured mouse podocytes, palladin co-localized with F-actin in dense regions of stress fibers, focal adhesions, cell–cell contacts and motile cell margins. Transfection with the N-terminal half of palladin targeted it to F-actin-containing structures in podocytes while the C-terminal half accumulated in the nucleus, a result also found for endogenous palladin in cultured cells after leptomycin B was used to block nuclear export. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged palladin was found in dynamic ring-like F-actin structures and ruffles in cultured podocytes after stimulation with epidermal growth factor. Inhibition of palladin expression by transfection of an antisense construct reduced the formation of ring-like structures. Photo-bleaching analysis showed that GFP-palladin turned over with a half-time of 10 s in focal adhesions and dense regions of stress fibers, suggesting that palladin is a dynamic scaffolding protein. Our study shows that palladin is expressed in podocytes and plays an important role in actin dynamics.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2009
Deposited On:17 Dec 2008 11:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:42
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Publisher DOI:10.1038/ki.2008.486
PubMed ID:19116644
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8021

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