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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8029

Bondeva, T; Rüster, C; Franke, S; Hammerschmid, E; Klagsbrun, M; Cohen, C D; Wolf, G (2009). Advanced glycation end-products suppress neuropilin-1 expression in podocytes. Kidney International, 75(6):605-616.

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Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Here we tested the effect of AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) on differentiated mouse podocytes in culture. Differential display and real-time PCR analyses showed that in addition to neuropilin-1, the entire signaling receptor complex of neuropilin-2, semaphorin-3A, and plexin-A1, was significantly reduced by AGE-BSA as was neuropilin-1 protein. The effect was specific for podocytes compared to isolated mesangial and tubular epithelial cells. Further, AGE-BSA was not toxic to podocytes. Neutopilin-1 expression was decreased in glomeruli of diabetic db/db mice compared to their non-diabetic littermates. Transcripts of both neuropilins were found to be decreased in renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy compared to transplant donors. Podocyte migration was inhibited by AGE-BSA with similar results found in the absence of AGE-BSA when neuropilin-1 expression was down-regulated by siRNA. In contrast, podocyte migration was stimulated by overexpression of neuropilin-1 even in the presence of AGE-BSA. Our study shows that AGE-BSA inhibited podocyte migration by down-regulating neuropilin-1. The decreased migration could lead to adherence of uncovered areas of the glomerular basement membrane to Bowman's capsule contributing to focal glomerulosclerosis.


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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:26 March 2009
Deposited On:12 Dec 2008 15:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:42
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Publisher DOI:10.1038/ki.2008.603
PubMed ID:19037249

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