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Long-term infection of goats with bluetongue virus serotype 25


Vögtlin, Andrea; Hofmann, Martin A; Nenniger, Christoph; Renzullo, Sandra; Steinrigl, Adolf; Loitsch, Angelika; Schwermer, Heinzpeter; Kaufmann, Christian; Thür, Barbara (2013). Long-term infection of goats with bluetongue virus serotype 25. Veterinary Microbiology, 166(1-2):165-173.

Abstract

Toggenburg Orbivirus (TOV) is the prototype of bluetongue virus serotype 25 (BTV-25). It was first detected in goats in Switzerland in 2008. The virus does not induce clinical signs in infected goats. In field samples viral RNA could be detected only in goats and never in other ruminants. BTV-25 RNA was repeatedly detected for more than one year in the blood of goats from a single flock in Principality of Liechtenstein. Since viral persistence over such a long period has never been reported for bluetongue, blood samples from 110 goats and 2 sheep of that flock were collected during a period of up to two years and analyzed for the presence of BTV-25 RNA and antibodies. Most of the animals which tested positive for BTV-25 RNA, remained positive during the whole investigation period. Moreover, five of these goats were BTV-25 RNA positive over a period of 19-25 months. A weak antibody response against BTV VP7 was commonly observed. As BTV-25 cannot be propagated in any culture system, the presence of virus could only be demonstrated in samples by viral RNA detection using RT-qPCR. To address the question of infectivity of the virus in blood from long-term positive animals, goats were experimentally infected with this blood. Viral replication was demonstrated by increasing RNA amounts. Thus, our findings provide evidence that BTV-25 can persist much longer in an infected host than known so far for other BTV serotypes. Hence, persistence of infectious BTV represents an additional important factor in BTV epidemiology.

Abstract

Toggenburg Orbivirus (TOV) is the prototype of bluetongue virus serotype 25 (BTV-25). It was first detected in goats in Switzerland in 2008. The virus does not induce clinical signs in infected goats. In field samples viral RNA could be detected only in goats and never in other ruminants. BTV-25 RNA was repeatedly detected for more than one year in the blood of goats from a single flock in Principality of Liechtenstein. Since viral persistence over such a long period has never been reported for bluetongue, blood samples from 110 goats and 2 sheep of that flock were collected during a period of up to two years and analyzed for the presence of BTV-25 RNA and antibodies. Most of the animals which tested positive for BTV-25 RNA, remained positive during the whole investigation period. Moreover, five of these goats were BTV-25 RNA positive over a period of 19-25 months. A weak antibody response against BTV VP7 was commonly observed. As BTV-25 cannot be propagated in any culture system, the presence of virus could only be demonstrated in samples by viral RNA detection using RT-qPCR. To address the question of infectivity of the virus in blood from long-term positive animals, goats were experimentally infected with this blood. Viral replication was demonstrated by increasing RNA amounts. Thus, our findings provide evidence that BTV-25 can persist much longer in an infected host than known so far for other BTV serotypes. Hence, persistence of infectious BTV represents an additional important factor in BTV epidemiology.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
600 Technology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:03 Sep 2013 12:33
Last Modified:10 Nov 2016 14:13
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1135
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.06.001
PubMed ID:23834964

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