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Forest related interventions and the stakeholders of forests in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan


Suleri, Abid Q; Shabaz, Babar; Geiser, Urs (2013). Forest related interventions and the stakeholders of forests in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. In: Shahbaz, Babar; Geiser, Urs; Suleri, Abid Q. Forests, livelihoods and power relations in North-West Pakistan. Lahore (Pakistan): Sang-e-Meel Publications, 160-189.

Abstract

The forests of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP – now known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) of Pakistan are vanishing at high rate in spite of more than two decades of donors led interventions and extensive forest governance system led by the state. Failure of most of the forest related projects and policies in meeting their intended objectives calls for searching out the underlying causes of the ineffectiveness of such interventions. The importance of stakeholders’ analysis has been stressed by many development researchers. A holistic analysis of the stakeholders, conflicts and power relations is an essential step to ensure the sustainability of development interventions and active participation of local actors. There is a wide range of actors who can influence or can be influenced by any forest related intervention in NWFP. This paper, therefore, presents an exploratory analysis of the stakeholders’ characteristics, power relations and conflicts in the context of interventions in the forestry sector of NWFP. Various groups of stakeholders for example local communities, civil society organizations, religious and traditional institutions, state agencies, global actors etc. are trying to operate within the contested political arena of NWFP. The paper shows that on the one hand, the state as well as donors led interventions do not really engage in a meaningful dialogue with the local stakeholders and institutions, and on the other hand these entities themselves are not in a position to initiate a change in local resource use. Thus, a way forward is seen in fostering a dialogue among key stakeholders.

The forests of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP – now known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) of Pakistan are vanishing at high rate in spite of more than two decades of donors led interventions and extensive forest governance system led by the state. Failure of most of the forest related projects and policies in meeting their intended objectives calls for searching out the underlying causes of the ineffectiveness of such interventions. The importance of stakeholders’ analysis has been stressed by many development researchers. A holistic analysis of the stakeholders, conflicts and power relations is an essential step to ensure the sustainability of development interventions and active participation of local actors. There is a wide range of actors who can influence or can be influenced by any forest related intervention in NWFP. This paper, therefore, presents an exploratory analysis of the stakeholders’ characteristics, power relations and conflicts in the context of interventions in the forestry sector of NWFP. Various groups of stakeholders for example local communities, civil society organizations, religious and traditional institutions, state agencies, global actors etc. are trying to operate within the contested political arena of NWFP. The paper shows that on the one hand, the state as well as donors led interventions do not really engage in a meaningful dialogue with the local stakeholders and institutions, and on the other hand these entities themselves are not in a position to initiate a change in local resource use. Thus, a way forward is seen in fostering a dialogue among key stakeholders.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:05 Sep 2013 08:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:57
Publisher:Sang-e-Meel Publications
ISBN:978-9693526486
Related URLs:http://www.sangemeel.com/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=9693526481 (Publisher)
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-80542

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