UZH-Logo

Human DNA polymerase lambda diverged in evolution from DNA polymerase beta toward specific Mn(++) dependence: a kinetic and thermodynamic study


Blanca, G; Shevelev, I V; Ramadan, K; Villani, G; Spadari, S; Hübscher, U; Maga, G (2003). Human DNA polymerase lambda diverged in evolution from DNA polymerase beta toward specific Mn(++) dependence: a kinetic and thermodynamic study. Biochemistry, 42(24):7467-7476.

Abstract

The recently discovered human DNA polymerase lambda (DNA pol lambda) has been implicated in translesion DNA synthesis across abasic sites. One remarkable feature of this enzyme is its preference for Mn(2+) over Mg(2+) as the activating metal ion, but the molecular basis for this preference is not known. Here, we present a kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of the DNA polymerase reaction catalyzed by full length human DNA pol lambda, showing that Mn(2+) favors specifically the catalytic step of nucleotide incorporation. Besides acting as a poor coactivator for catalysis, Mg(2+) appeared to bind also to an allosteric site, resulting in the inhibition of the synthetic activity of DNA pol lambda and in an increased sensitivity to end product (pyrophosphate) inhibition. Comparison with the closely related enzyme human DNA pol beta, as well as with other DNA synthesising enzymes (mammalian DNA pol alpha and DNA pol delta, Escherichia coli DNA pol I, and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase) indicated that these features are unique to DNA pol lambda. A deletion mutant of DNA pol lambda, which contained the highly conserved catalytic core only representing the C-terminal half of the protein, showed biochemical properties comparable to the full length enzyme but clearly different from the close homologue DNA pol beta, highlighting the existence of important differences between DNA pol lambda and DNA pol beta, despite a high degree of sequence similarity.

The recently discovered human DNA polymerase lambda (DNA pol lambda) has been implicated in translesion DNA synthesis across abasic sites. One remarkable feature of this enzyme is its preference for Mn(2+) over Mg(2+) as the activating metal ion, but the molecular basis for this preference is not known. Here, we present a kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of the DNA polymerase reaction catalyzed by full length human DNA pol lambda, showing that Mn(2+) favors specifically the catalytic step of nucleotide incorporation. Besides acting as a poor coactivator for catalysis, Mg(2+) appeared to bind also to an allosteric site, resulting in the inhibition of the synthetic activity of DNA pol lambda and in an increased sensitivity to end product (pyrophosphate) inhibition. Comparison with the closely related enzyme human DNA pol beta, as well as with other DNA synthesising enzymes (mammalian DNA pol alpha and DNA pol delta, Escherichia coli DNA pol I, and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase) indicated that these features are unique to DNA pol lambda. A deletion mutant of DNA pol lambda, which contained the highly conserved catalytic core only representing the C-terminal half of the protein, showed biochemical properties comparable to the full length enzyme but clearly different from the close homologue DNA pol beta, highlighting the existence of important differences between DNA pol lambda and DNA pol beta, despite a high degree of sequence similarity.

Citations

53 citations in Web of Science®
53 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:24 June 2003
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:15
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
Publisher DOI:10.1021/bi034198m
PubMed ID:12809503

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations