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Reactive perivascular T-cell infiltrate predicts survival in primary central nervous system B-cell lymphomas


Ponzoni, M; et al (2007). Reactive perivascular T-cell infiltrate predicts survival in primary central nervous system B-cell lymphomas. British Journal of Haematology, 138(3):316-323.

Abstract

Well-established histopathological prognostic factors are lacking in primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas (PCNSL). The present study investigated the presence and prognostic role of tumour necrosis (TN) and reactive perivascular T-cell infiltrate (RPVI), defined as a rim of small reactive T-lymphocytes occurring alone or located between the vascular wall and large neoplastic cells, in tumour samples from 100 immunocompetent patients with PCNSL. World Health Organization histotypes of the patients were: 96 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, two Burkitt-like lymphomas, one anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma and one unclassified B-cell lymphoma. TN was observed in 24 (24%) cases and RPVI in 26 (36%) of 73 assessable cases. Patients with RPVI-positive lesions exhibited a significantly better overall survival (OS) than patients with RPVI-negative lymphoma, particularly among patients treated with high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy (3-year OS: 59 +/- 14% vs. 42 +/- 9%, P = 0.02). By contrast, the presence of TN did not demonstrate prognostic significance. Multivariate analysis confirmed an independent association between RPVI and survival. In conclusion, the presence of RPVI is independently associated with survival in PCNSL. This parameter can be easily and routinely assessed at diagnosis on histopathological specimens.

Well-established histopathological prognostic factors are lacking in primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas (PCNSL). The present study investigated the presence and prognostic role of tumour necrosis (TN) and reactive perivascular T-cell infiltrate (RPVI), defined as a rim of small reactive T-lymphocytes occurring alone or located between the vascular wall and large neoplastic cells, in tumour samples from 100 immunocompetent patients with PCNSL. World Health Organization histotypes of the patients were: 96 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, two Burkitt-like lymphomas, one anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma and one unclassified B-cell lymphoma. TN was observed in 24 (24%) cases and RPVI in 26 (36%) of 73 assessable cases. Patients with RPVI-positive lesions exhibited a significantly better overall survival (OS) than patients with RPVI-negative lymphoma, particularly among patients treated with high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy (3-year OS: 59 +/- 14% vs. 42 +/- 9%, P = 0.02). By contrast, the presence of TN did not demonstrate prognostic significance. Multivariate analysis confirmed an independent association between RPVI and survival. In conclusion, the presence of RPVI is independently associated with survival in PCNSL. This parameter can be easily and routinely assessed at diagnosis on histopathological specimens.

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30 citations in Web of Science®
31 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:25 Sep 2013 13:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:59
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0007-1048
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2007.06661.x
PubMed ID:17555470

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