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Myeloid-related protein 8/14 complex is released by monocytes and granulocytes at the site of coronary occlusion: a novel, early, and sensitive marker of acute coronary syndromes


Altwegg, Lukas A; Neidhart, Michel; Hersberger, Martin; Müller, Simone; Eberli, Franz R; Corti, Roberto; Roffi, Marco; Sütsch, Gabor; Gay, Steffen; von Eckardstein, Arnold; Wischnewsky, Manfred B; Lüscher, Thomas F; Maier, Willibald (2007). Myeloid-related protein 8/14 complex is released by monocytes and granulocytes at the site of coronary occlusion: a novel, early, and sensitive marker of acute coronary syndromes. European Heart Journal, 28(8):941-948.

Abstract

AIMS: We investigated whether myeloid-related protein 8/14 complex (MRP8/14) expressed by infiltrating monocytes and granulocytes may represent a mediator and early biomarker of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry of coronary thrombi was done in 41 ACS patients. Subsequently, levels of MRP8/14 were assessed systemically in 75 patients with ACS and culprit lesions, with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), or with normal coronary arteries. In a subset of patients, MRP8/14 was measured systemically and at the site of coronary occlusion. Macrophages and granulocytes, but not platelets stained positive for MRP8/14 in 76% of 41 thrombi patients. In ACS, local MRP8/14 levels [22.0 (16.2-41.5) mg/L] were increased when compared with systemic levels [13.4 (8.1-14.7) mg/L, P = 0.03]. Systemic levels of MRP8/14 were markedly elevated [15.1 (12.1-21.8) mg/L, P = 0.001] in ACS when compared with stable CAD [4.6 (3.5-7.1) mg/L] or normals [4.8 (4.0-6.3) mg/L]. Using a cut-off level of 8 mg/L, MRP8/14 but not myoglobin or troponin, identified ACS presenting within 3 h from symptom onset. CONCLUSION: In ACS, MRP8/14 is markedly expressed at the site of coronary occlusion by invading phagocytes. The occurrence of elevated MRP8/14 in the systemic circulation prior to markers of myocardial necrosis makes it a prime candidate for the detection of unstable plaques and management of ACS.

Abstract

AIMS: We investigated whether myeloid-related protein 8/14 complex (MRP8/14) expressed by infiltrating monocytes and granulocytes may represent a mediator and early biomarker of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry of coronary thrombi was done in 41 ACS patients. Subsequently, levels of MRP8/14 were assessed systemically in 75 patients with ACS and culprit lesions, with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), or with normal coronary arteries. In a subset of patients, MRP8/14 was measured systemically and at the site of coronary occlusion. Macrophages and granulocytes, but not platelets stained positive for MRP8/14 in 76% of 41 thrombi patients. In ACS, local MRP8/14 levels [22.0 (16.2-41.5) mg/L] were increased when compared with systemic levels [13.4 (8.1-14.7) mg/L, P = 0.03]. Systemic levels of MRP8/14 were markedly elevated [15.1 (12.1-21.8) mg/L, P = 0.001] in ACS when compared with stable CAD [4.6 (3.5-7.1) mg/L] or normals [4.8 (4.0-6.3) mg/L]. Using a cut-off level of 8 mg/L, MRP8/14 but not myoglobin or troponin, identified ACS presenting within 3 h from symptom onset. CONCLUSION: In ACS, MRP8/14 is markedly expressed at the site of coronary occlusion by invading phagocytes. The occurrence of elevated MRP8/14 in the systemic circulation prior to markers of myocardial necrosis makes it a prime candidate for the detection of unstable plaques and management of ACS.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Date:2007
Deposited On:09 Oct 2013 14:06
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:02
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehm078
PubMed ID:17387139

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