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Apolipoprotein E interrupts interleukin-1beta signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells


Kawamura, Akira; Baitsch, Daniel; Telgmann, Ralph; Feuerborn, Renata; Weissen-Plenz, Gabriele; Hagedorn, Claudia; Saku, Keijiro; Brand-Herrmann, Stefan-Martin; von Eckardstein, Arnold; Assmann, Gerd; Nofer, Jerzy-Roch (2007). Apolipoprotein E interrupts interleukin-1beta signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 27(7):1610-1617.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) exerts antiatherogenic effects but precise mechanisms remain unclear. We here investigated the effect of apoE on intracellular signaling by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a proinflammatory cytokine present in atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: IL-1beta-induced expression and activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 were inhibited by apoE in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). These inhibitory effects were linked to the suppression of both NF-kappaB and activating protein-1 (AP-1) transactivation, suggesting that the interruption of IL-1beta signaling occurs upstream of transcription factors. Studies in VSMCs overexpressing IL-1beta signaling intermediates revealed that NF-kappaB transactivation was inhibited by apoE in MyD88- and IRAK1- but not in TRAF6-transfected cells. Furthermore, apoE prevented IRAK1 phosphorylation and IRAK1-TRAF6 but not MyD88-IRAK1 complex formation. Inhibitory effects of apoE on IL-1beta signaling were abolished after silencing LDL receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) expression with siRNA. In addition, inhibitors of adenylyl cyclase and protein kinase A (PKA) restored IL-1beta signaling in apoE-treated VSMCs, whereas apoE stimulated PKA activity. ApoE inhibited VSMC activation in response to IL-18 but not to tumor necrosis factor-alpha or polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid. CONCLUSION: ApoE targets IRAK-1 activation and thereby interrupts IL-1beta and IL-18 signaling in VSMCs. This antiinflammatory effect represents a novel antiatherogenic activity of apoE.

OBJECTIVES: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) exerts antiatherogenic effects but precise mechanisms remain unclear. We here investigated the effect of apoE on intracellular signaling by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a proinflammatory cytokine present in atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: IL-1beta-induced expression and activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 were inhibited by apoE in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). These inhibitory effects were linked to the suppression of both NF-kappaB and activating protein-1 (AP-1) transactivation, suggesting that the interruption of IL-1beta signaling occurs upstream of transcription factors. Studies in VSMCs overexpressing IL-1beta signaling intermediates revealed that NF-kappaB transactivation was inhibited by apoE in MyD88- and IRAK1- but not in TRAF6-transfected cells. Furthermore, apoE prevented IRAK1 phosphorylation and IRAK1-TRAF6 but not MyD88-IRAK1 complex formation. Inhibitory effects of apoE on IL-1beta signaling were abolished after silencing LDL receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) expression with siRNA. In addition, inhibitors of adenylyl cyclase and protein kinase A (PKA) restored IL-1beta signaling in apoE-treated VSMCs, whereas apoE stimulated PKA activity. ApoE inhibited VSMC activation in response to IL-18 but not to tumor necrosis factor-alpha or polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid. CONCLUSION: ApoE targets IRAK-1 activation and thereby interrupts IL-1beta and IL-18 signaling in VSMCs. This antiinflammatory effect represents a novel antiatherogenic activity of apoE.

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20 citations in Web of Science®
22 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Date:2007
Deposited On:09 Oct 2013 13:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:02
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1079-5642
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.106.129957
PubMed ID:17510469

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