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Orthogonally Protected Artificial Amino Acid as Tripod Ligand for Automated Peptide Synthesis and Labeling with Tc-99m(OH2)(3)(CO)(3)](+)


Shen, Yunjun; Schottelius, Margret; Zelenka, Karel; De Simone, Mariarosaria; Pohle, Karolin; Kessler, Horst; Wester, Hans-Jurgen; Schmutz, Paul; Alberto, Roger (2013). Orthogonally Protected Artificial Amino Acid as Tripod Ligand for Automated Peptide Synthesis and Labeling with Tc-99m(OH2)(3)(CO)(3)](+). Bioconjugate Chemistry, 24(1):26-35.

Abstract

1,2-Diamino-propionic acid (Dap) is a very strong chelator for the [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+) core, yielding small and hydrophilic complexes. We prepared the lysine based Dap derivative l-Lys(Dap) in which the ε-NH(2) group was replaced by the tripod through conjugation to its α-carbon. The synthetic strategy produced an orthogonally protected bifunctional chelator (BFC). The -NH(2) group of the α-amino acid portion is Fmoc- and the -NH(2) of Dap are Boc-protected. Fmoc-l-Lys(Dap(Boc)) was either conjugated to the N- and C-terminus of bombesin BBN(7-14) or integrated into the sequence using solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS). We also replaced the native lysine in a cyclic RGD peptide with l-Lys(Dap). For all peptides, quantitative labeling with the [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+) core at a 10 μM concentration in PBS buffer (pH = 7.4) was achieved. For comparison, the rhenium homologues were prepared from [Re(OH(2))(3)(CO)(3)](+) and Lys(Dap)-BBN(7-14) or cyclo-(RGDyK(Dap)), respectively. Determination of integrin receptor binding showed low to medium nanomolar affinities for various receptor subtypes. The IC(50) of cyclo-(RGDyK(Dap[Re(CO)(3)])) for α(v)β(3) is 7.1 nM as compared to 3.1 nM for nonligated RGD derivative. Biodistribution studies in M21 melanoma bearing nude mice showed reasonable α(v)β(3)-integrin specific tumor uptake. Altogether, orthogonally protected l-Lys(Dap) represents a highly versatile building block for integration in any peptide sequence. Lys(Dap)-precursors allow high-yield (99m)Tc-labeling with [(99m)Tc(OH(2))(3)(CO)(3)](+), forming small and hydrophilic complexes, which in turn leads to peptide radiopharmaceuticals with excellent in vivo characteristics.

1,2-Diamino-propionic acid (Dap) is a very strong chelator for the [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+) core, yielding small and hydrophilic complexes. We prepared the lysine based Dap derivative l-Lys(Dap) in which the ε-NH(2) group was replaced by the tripod through conjugation to its α-carbon. The synthetic strategy produced an orthogonally protected bifunctional chelator (BFC). The -NH(2) group of the α-amino acid portion is Fmoc- and the -NH(2) of Dap are Boc-protected. Fmoc-l-Lys(Dap(Boc)) was either conjugated to the N- and C-terminus of bombesin BBN(7-14) or integrated into the sequence using solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS). We also replaced the native lysine in a cyclic RGD peptide with l-Lys(Dap). For all peptides, quantitative labeling with the [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+) core at a 10 μM concentration in PBS buffer (pH = 7.4) was achieved. For comparison, the rhenium homologues were prepared from [Re(OH(2))(3)(CO)(3)](+) and Lys(Dap)-BBN(7-14) or cyclo-(RGDyK(Dap)), respectively. Determination of integrin receptor binding showed low to medium nanomolar affinities for various receptor subtypes. The IC(50) of cyclo-(RGDyK(Dap[Re(CO)(3)])) for α(v)β(3) is 7.1 nM as compared to 3.1 nM for nonligated RGD derivative. Biodistribution studies in M21 melanoma bearing nude mice showed reasonable α(v)β(3)-integrin specific tumor uptake. Altogether, orthogonally protected l-Lys(Dap) represents a highly versatile building block for integration in any peptide sequence. Lys(Dap)-precursors allow high-yield (99m)Tc-labeling with [(99m)Tc(OH(2))(3)(CO)(3)](+), forming small and hydrophilic complexes, which in turn leads to peptide radiopharmaceuticals with excellent in vivo characteristics.

Citations

4 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:18 Oct 2013 07:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:02
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1043-1802
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/bc3003327
PubMed ID:23237229

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