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Native Art v 1 and recombinant Art v 1 are able to induce humoral and T cell-mediated in vitro and in vivo responses in mugwort allergy


Schmid-Grendelmeier, P; Holzmann, D; Himly, M; Weichel, M; Tresch, S; Rückert, B; Menz, G; Ferreira, F; Blaser, K; Wüthrich, B; Crameri, R (2003). Native Art v 1 and recombinant Art v 1 are able to induce humoral and T cell-mediated in vitro and in vivo responses in mugwort allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 111(6):1328-1336.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mugwort pollen is an important allergen source in hay fever and pollen-related food allergy. Little is known about the clinical relevance of the major mugwort allergen Art v 1 and its importance in allergy. OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to investigate the allergenicity of mugwort extract compared with the allergenicity of native (n)Art v 1 and recombinant (r)Art v 1, one major allergen of mugwort, in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Thirty-two patients allergic to mugwort and 10 control subjects were investigated by means of skin prick and nasal provocation testing with different concentrations of mugwort extract, nArt v 1, and rArt v 1. nArt v 1 was purified from aqueous mugwort extract, and rArt v 1 was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and then purified. The in vitro allergenicity was measured by means of ImmunoCAP, ELISA, ELISA-inhibition experiments, and T-cell proliferation assays. RESULTS: nArt v 1 and rArt v 1 were able to elicit positive in vivo and in vitro reactions. The IgE-binding capacity, as determined by means of ELISA, was slightly higher for nArt v 1 than for rArt v 1, and both allergens were able to induce T-cell proliferation in sensitized patients. However, rArt v 1 elicited a reduced response in skin and nasal provocation tests compared with nArt v 1. Compared with mugwort extract, both nArt v 1 and rArt v 1 showed lower sensitivity in patients with mugwort allergy in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Art v 1, either in its native or recombinant form, is able to induce allergic reactions in patients with mugwort allergy. rArt v 1 induced comparable humoral and cell-mediated responses in vitro but showed reduced in vivo allergenicity compared with biochemically purified nArt v 1.

BACKGROUND: Mugwort pollen is an important allergen source in hay fever and pollen-related food allergy. Little is known about the clinical relevance of the major mugwort allergen Art v 1 and its importance in allergy. OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to investigate the allergenicity of mugwort extract compared with the allergenicity of native (n)Art v 1 and recombinant (r)Art v 1, one major allergen of mugwort, in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Thirty-two patients allergic to mugwort and 10 control subjects were investigated by means of skin prick and nasal provocation testing with different concentrations of mugwort extract, nArt v 1, and rArt v 1. nArt v 1 was purified from aqueous mugwort extract, and rArt v 1 was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and then purified. The in vitro allergenicity was measured by means of ImmunoCAP, ELISA, ELISA-inhibition experiments, and T-cell proliferation assays. RESULTS: nArt v 1 and rArt v 1 were able to elicit positive in vivo and in vitro reactions. The IgE-binding capacity, as determined by means of ELISA, was slightly higher for nArt v 1 than for rArt v 1, and both allergens were able to induce T-cell proliferation in sensitized patients. However, rArt v 1 elicited a reduced response in skin and nasal provocation tests compared with nArt v 1. Compared with mugwort extract, both nArt v 1 and rArt v 1 showed lower sensitivity in patients with mugwort allergy in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Art v 1, either in its native or recombinant form, is able to induce allergic reactions in patients with mugwort allergy. rArt v 1 induced comparable humoral and cell-mediated responses in vitro but showed reduced in vivo allergenicity compared with biochemically purified nArt v 1.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:26 Mar 2009 10:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:43
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0091-6749
Publisher DOI:0.1067/mai.2003.1495
PubMed ID:12789236
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8270

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