Identification and characterization of protein-protein interactions between the host cell and parasites both enhance our understanding of basic cell biology and provide insights into central processes of parasite life cycles. Research on HIV-1 has broadened our knowledge of the various molecular events involved. However, our understanding of how this virus interacts with the host cell at the level of protein-protein interaction is still limited. Through these interactions the virus is able to recruit certain cellular metabolic pathways for its replication. Here we summarize our current knowledge of protein-protein interactions between HIV-1 and host cell factors during viral replication.