UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Myeloid calcifying cells promote atherosclerotic calcification via paracrine activity and allograft inflammatory factor-1 overexpression


Albiero, Mattia; Rattazzi, Marcello; Menegazzo, Lisa; Boscaro, Elisa; Cappellari, Roberta; Pagnin, Elisa; Bertacco, Elisa; Poncina, Nicol; Dyar, Kenneth; Ciciliot, Stefano; Iwabuchi, Kazuya; Millioni, Renato; Arrigoni, Giorgio; Kraenkel, Nicolle; Landmesser, Ulf; Agostini, Carlo; Avogaro, Angelo; Fadini, Gian Paolo (2013). Myeloid calcifying cells promote atherosclerotic calcification via paracrine activity and allograft inflammatory factor-1 overexpression. Basic Research in Cardiology, 108(4):368.

Abstract

Several cell types contribute to atherosclerotic calcification. Myeloid calcifying cells (MCCs) are monocytes expressing osteocalcin (OC) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP). Herein, we tested whether MCCs promote atherosclerotic calcification in vivo. We show that the murine spleen contains OC(+)BAP(+) cells with a phenotype similar to human MCCs, a high expression of adhesion molecules and CD11b, and capacity to calcify in vitro and in vivo. Injection of GFP(+) OC(+)BAP(+) cells into 8- or 40-week ApoE(-/-) mice led to more extensive calcifications in atherosclerotic areas after 24 or 4 weeks, respectively, compared to control OC(-)BAP(-) cells. Despite that OC(+)BAP(+) cells had a selective transendothelial migration capacity, tracking of the GFP signal revealed that presence of injected cells within atherosclerotic areas was an extremely rare event and so GFP mRNA was undetectable by qPCR of lesion extracts. By converse, injected OC(+)BAP(+) cells persisted in the bloodstream and bone marrow up to 24 weeks, suggesting a paracrine effect. Indeed, OC(+)BAP(+) cell-conditioned medium (CM) promoted calcification by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) more than CM from OC(-)BAP(-) cells. A genomic and proteomic investigation of MCCs identified allograft inflammatory factor (AIF)-1 as a potential candidate of this paracrine activity. AIF-1 stimulated VSMC calcification in vitro and monocyte-specific (CD11b-driven) AIF-1 overexpression in ApoE(-/-) mice increased calcium content in atherosclerotic areas. In conclusion, we show that murine OC(+)BAP(+) cells correspond to human MCCs and promote atherosclerotic calcification in ApoE(-/-) mice, through paracrine activity and modulation of resident cells by AIF-1 overexpression.

Several cell types contribute to atherosclerotic calcification. Myeloid calcifying cells (MCCs) are monocytes expressing osteocalcin (OC) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP). Herein, we tested whether MCCs promote atherosclerotic calcification in vivo. We show that the murine spleen contains OC(+)BAP(+) cells with a phenotype similar to human MCCs, a high expression of adhesion molecules and CD11b, and capacity to calcify in vitro and in vivo. Injection of GFP(+) OC(+)BAP(+) cells into 8- or 40-week ApoE(-/-) mice led to more extensive calcifications in atherosclerotic areas after 24 or 4 weeks, respectively, compared to control OC(-)BAP(-) cells. Despite that OC(+)BAP(+) cells had a selective transendothelial migration capacity, tracking of the GFP signal revealed that presence of injected cells within atherosclerotic areas was an extremely rare event and so GFP mRNA was undetectable by qPCR of lesion extracts. By converse, injected OC(+)BAP(+) cells persisted in the bloodstream and bone marrow up to 24 weeks, suggesting a paracrine effect. Indeed, OC(+)BAP(+) cell-conditioned medium (CM) promoted calcification by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) more than CM from OC(-)BAP(-) cells. A genomic and proteomic investigation of MCCs identified allograft inflammatory factor (AIF)-1 as a potential candidate of this paracrine activity. AIF-1 stimulated VSMC calcification in vitro and monocyte-specific (CD11b-driven) AIF-1 overexpression in ApoE(-/-) mice increased calcium content in atherosclerotic areas. In conclusion, we show that murine OC(+)BAP(+) cells correspond to human MCCs and promote atherosclerotic calcification in ApoE(-/-) mice, through paracrine activity and modulation of resident cells by AIF-1 overexpression.

Citations

8 citations in Web of Science®
7 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

72 downloads since deposited on 08 Nov 2013
39 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:08 Nov 2013 08:48
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:05
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0300-8428
Additional Information:The final publication is available at link.springer.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00395-013-0368-7
PubMed ID:23800875
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-83901

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 2MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations