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Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings after transtemporal and translabyrinthine vestibular schwannoma resection


Brors, D; Schäfers, M; Bodmer, D; Draf, W; Kahle, G; Schick, B (2003). Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings after transtemporal and translabyrinthine vestibular schwannoma resection. The Laryngoscope, 113(3):420-426.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the investigation of choice to follow up patients after vestibular schwannoma resection. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: Postoperative MRI findings of 70 patients after vestibular schwannoma resection through a transtemporal (n = 48) and a translabyrinthine (n = 22) approach were reviewed. Time-dependent changes in intensity, size, and shape of enhancement in the internal auditory canal before and after contrast administration, postoperative temporal lobe gliosis, and changes of fat grafts were evaluated. RESULTS: After vestibular schwannoma resection, all patients showed signal enhancements in the internal auditory canal ranging from a faint to high signal intensity in the first postoperative MRI, 3 to 6 months after surgery. In the next MRI at 12 to 24 months after surgery, 30 patients (43%) showed a decreased signal, 35 patients (50%) a stable enhancement, and 5 patients (7%) an increased enhancement in the internal auditory canal depicted as an intense nodular or mass-like pattern. In patients with decreased or stable enhancement, a residual tumor could be excluded in the following MRI scans, whereas in all patients with increased enhancements after 12 to 24 months, signal enhancement further increased and residual tumors were detected. Different degrees of temporal lobe gliosis were found in 15 of 48 cases (31%) after transtemporal tumor removal. Enhancement of fat grafts used in 22 cases decreased to different degrees in 14 cases (64%). CONCLUSIONS: Differentiation of residual tumor from scar tissue in the internal auditory canal after vestibular schwannoma resection requires close, long-term follow-up. Nodular and progressive enhancements in the internal auditory canal indicate residual tumor. Linear enhancement in the internal auditory canal has been found to be a common finding after vestibular schwannoma resection not associated with residual tumor.

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the investigation of choice to follow up patients after vestibular schwannoma resection. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: Postoperative MRI findings of 70 patients after vestibular schwannoma resection through a transtemporal (n = 48) and a translabyrinthine (n = 22) approach were reviewed. Time-dependent changes in intensity, size, and shape of enhancement in the internal auditory canal before and after contrast administration, postoperative temporal lobe gliosis, and changes of fat grafts were evaluated. RESULTS: After vestibular schwannoma resection, all patients showed signal enhancements in the internal auditory canal ranging from a faint to high signal intensity in the first postoperative MRI, 3 to 6 months after surgery. In the next MRI at 12 to 24 months after surgery, 30 patients (43%) showed a decreased signal, 35 patients (50%) a stable enhancement, and 5 patients (7%) an increased enhancement in the internal auditory canal depicted as an intense nodular or mass-like pattern. In patients with decreased or stable enhancement, a residual tumor could be excluded in the following MRI scans, whereas in all patients with increased enhancements after 12 to 24 months, signal enhancement further increased and residual tumors were detected. Different degrees of temporal lobe gliosis were found in 15 of 48 cases (31%) after transtemporal tumor removal. Enhancement of fat grafts used in 22 cases decreased to different degrees in 14 cases (64%). CONCLUSIONS: Differentiation of residual tumor from scar tissue in the internal auditory canal after vestibular schwannoma resection requires close, long-term follow-up. Nodular and progressive enhancements in the internal auditory canal indicate residual tumor. Linear enhancement in the internal auditory canal has been found to be a common finding after vestibular schwannoma resection not associated with residual tumor.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:26 Mar 2009 09:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:43
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0023-852X
Publisher DOI:10.1097/00005537-200303000-00006
PubMed ID:12616190
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8432

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