UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Nucleotide excision repair of DNA with recombinant human proteins: definition of the minimal set of factors, active forms of TFIIH, and modulation by CAK.


Araújo, S J; Tirode, F; Coin, F; Pospiech, H; Syväoja, J E; Stucki, M; Hübscher, U; Egly, J M; Wood, R D (2000). Nucleotide excision repair of DNA with recombinant human proteins: definition of the minimal set of factors, active forms of TFIIH, and modulation by CAK. Genes and Development, 14(3):349-359.

Abstract

During human nucleotide excision repair, damage is recognized, two incisions are made flanking a DNA lesion, and residues are replaced by repair synthesis. A set of proteins required for repair of most lesions is RPA, XPA, TFIIH, XPC-hHR23B, XPG, and ERCC1-XPF, but additional components have not been excluded. The most complex and difficult to analyze factor is TFIIH, which has a 6-subunit core (XPB, XPD, p44, p34, p52, p62) and a 3-subunit kinase (CAK). TFIIH has roles both in basal transcription initiation and in DNA repair, and several inherited human disorders are associated with mutations in TFIIH subunits. To identify the forms of TFIIH that can function in repair, recombinant XPA, RPA, XPC-hHR23B, XPG, and ERCC1-XPF were combined with TFIIH fractions purified from HeLa cells. Repair activity coeluted with the peak of TFIIH and with transcription activity. TFIIH from cells with XPB or XPD mutations was defective in supporting repair, whereas TFIIH from spinal muscular atrophy cells with a deletion of one p44 gene was active. Recombinant TFIIH also functioned in repair, both a 6- and a 9-subunit form containing CAK. The CAK kinase inhibitor H-8 improved repair efficiency, indicating that CAK can negatively regulate NER by phosphorylation. The 15 recombinant polypeptides define the minimal set of proteins required for dual incision of DNA containing a cisplatin adduct. Complete repair was achieved by including highly purified human DNA polymerase delta or epsilon, PCNA, RFC, and DNA ligase I in reaction mixtures, reconstituting adduct repair for the first time with recombinant incision factors and human replication proteins.

During human nucleotide excision repair, damage is recognized, two incisions are made flanking a DNA lesion, and residues are replaced by repair synthesis. A set of proteins required for repair of most lesions is RPA, XPA, TFIIH, XPC-hHR23B, XPG, and ERCC1-XPF, but additional components have not been excluded. The most complex and difficult to analyze factor is TFIIH, which has a 6-subunit core (XPB, XPD, p44, p34, p52, p62) and a 3-subunit kinase (CAK). TFIIH has roles both in basal transcription initiation and in DNA repair, and several inherited human disorders are associated with mutations in TFIIH subunits. To identify the forms of TFIIH that can function in repair, recombinant XPA, RPA, XPC-hHR23B, XPG, and ERCC1-XPF were combined with TFIIH fractions purified from HeLa cells. Repair activity coeluted with the peak of TFIIH and with transcription activity. TFIIH from cells with XPB or XPD mutations was defective in supporting repair, whereas TFIIH from spinal muscular atrophy cells with a deletion of one p44 gene was active. Recombinant TFIIH also functioned in repair, both a 6- and a 9-subunit form containing CAK. The CAK kinase inhibitor H-8 improved repair efficiency, indicating that CAK can negatively regulate NER by phosphorylation. The 15 recombinant polypeptides define the minimal set of proteins required for dual incision of DNA containing a cisplatin adduct. Complete repair was achieved by including highly purified human DNA polymerase delta or epsilon, PCNA, RFC, and DNA ligase I in reaction mixtures, reconstituting adduct repair for the first time with recombinant incision factors and human replication proteins.

Citations

205 citations in Web of Science®
211 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Downloads

98 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
15 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 February 2000
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:16
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
ISSN:0890-9369
PubMed ID:10673506
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-845

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations