UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Streptococcus tigurinus is highly virulent in a rat model of experimental endocarditis


Veloso, Tiago Rafael; Zbinden, Andrea; Andreoni, Federica; Giddey, Marlyse; Vouillamoz, Jacques; Moreillon, Philippe; Zinkernagel, Annelies Sophie; Entenza, José Manuel (2013). Streptococcus tigurinus is highly virulent in a rat model of experimental endocarditis. International Journal of Medical Microbiology : IJMM, 303(8):498-504.

Abstract

Streptococcus tigurinus is responsible for systemic infections in humans including infective endocarditis. We investigated whether the invasive trait of S. tigurinus in humans correlated with an increased ability to induce IE in rats. Rats with catheter-induced aortic vegetations were inoculated with 10(4)CFU/ml of either of four S. tigurinus strains AZ_3a(T), AZ_4a, AZ_8 and AZ_14, isolated from patients with infective endocarditis or with the well known IE pathogen Streptococcus gordonii (Challis). Aortic infection was assessed after 24h. S. tigurinus AZ_3a(T), AZ_4a and AZ_14 produced endocarditis in ≥80% of rats whereas S. gordonii produced endocarditis in only 33% of animals (P<0.05). S. tigurinus AZ_8 caused vegetation infection in 56% of the animals. The capacity of S. tigurinus to induce aortic infection was not related to their ability to bind extracellular matrix proteins (fibrinogen, fibronectin or collagen) or to trigger platelet aggregation. However, all S. tigurinus isolates showed an enhanced resistance to phagocytosis by macrophages and two of them had an increased ability to enter endothelial cells, key attributes of invasive streptococcal species.

Streptococcus tigurinus is responsible for systemic infections in humans including infective endocarditis. We investigated whether the invasive trait of S. tigurinus in humans correlated with an increased ability to induce IE in rats. Rats with catheter-induced aortic vegetations were inoculated with 10(4)CFU/ml of either of four S. tigurinus strains AZ_3a(T), AZ_4a, AZ_8 and AZ_14, isolated from patients with infective endocarditis or with the well known IE pathogen Streptococcus gordonii (Challis). Aortic infection was assessed after 24h. S. tigurinus AZ_3a(T), AZ_4a and AZ_14 produced endocarditis in ≥80% of rats whereas S. gordonii produced endocarditis in only 33% of animals (P<0.05). S. tigurinus AZ_8 caused vegetation infection in 56% of the animals. The capacity of S. tigurinus to induce aortic infection was not related to their ability to bind extracellular matrix proteins (fibrinogen, fibronectin or collagen) or to trigger platelet aggregation. However, all S. tigurinus isolates showed an enhanced resistance to phagocytosis by macrophages and two of them had an increased ability to enter endothelial cells, key attributes of invasive streptococcal species.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:06 Nov 2013 13:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:07
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1438-4221
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmm.2013.06.006
PubMed ID:23856340

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations