A metric space (X,d) is called Ptolemaic space (PT space) if the inequality |xy||zw|≤|xz||yw|+|xw||yz| holds for each quadruple of points x, y, z and w in X. Here |xy|:=d(x,y) denotes the distance of two points x and y. The main result proven in the paper is the following: If (X,d) is a PT space which is also a geodesic space (i.e., for each pair x,y there exists a geodesic connecting x and y) and if X is moreover homeomorphic to ℝ×[0,1] then X is isometric to a flat strip ℝ×[0,a]⊂ℝ 2 with its Euclidean metric. The authors also give a new short proof of the fact that a proper geodesic PT space is always strictly distance convex. (See also Th. Foertsch and V. Schroeder [Trans. Am. Math. Soc. 363, No. 6, 2891–2906 (2011; Zbl 1220.53092)]). This also indicates a positive answer to the open question if every proper geodesic PT space is also a CAT(0)-space.

Miao, Relong; Schroeder, Viktor (2013). *A flat strip theorem for Ptolemaic spaces.* Mathematische Zeitschrift, 274(1-2):461-470.

## Abstract

A metric space (X,d) is called Ptolemaic space (PT space) if the inequality |xy||zw|≤|xz||yw|+|xw||yz| holds for each quadruple of points x, y, z and w in X. Here |xy|:=d(x,y) denotes the distance of two points x and y. The main result proven in the paper is the following: If (X,d) is a PT space which is also a geodesic space (i.e., for each pair x,y there exists a geodesic connecting x and y) and if X is moreover homeomorphic to ℝ×[0,1] then X is isometric to a flat strip ℝ×[0,a]⊂ℝ 2 with its Euclidean metric. The authors also give a new short proof of the fact that a proper geodesic PT space is always strictly distance convex. (See also Th. Foertsch and V. Schroeder [Trans. Am. Math. Soc. 363, No. 6, 2891–2906 (2011; Zbl 1220.53092)]). This also indicates a positive answer to the open question if every proper geodesic PT space is also a CAT(0)-space.

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## Additional indexing

Item Type: | Journal Article, refereed, original work |
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Communities & Collections: | 07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics |

Dewey Decimal Classification: | 510 Mathematics |

Language: | English |

Date: | 2013 |

Deposited On: | 14 Nov 2013 10:41 |

Last Modified: | 05 Apr 2016 17:08 |

Publisher: | Springer |

ISSN: | 0025-5874 |

Free access at: | Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply. |

Publisher DOI: | https://doi.org/10.1007/s00209-012-1078-9 |

Related URLs: | http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00209-012-1078-9 (Publisher) |

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