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Chimney and periscope grafts observed over 2 years after their use to revascularize 169 renovisceral branches in 77 patients with complex aortic aneurysms


Lachat, Mario; Veith, Frank J; Pfammatter, Thomas; Glenck, Michael; Bettex, Dominique; Mayer, Dieter; Rancic, Zoran; Gloekler, Steffen; Pecoraro, Felice (2013). Chimney and periscope grafts observed over 2 years after their use to revascularize 169 renovisceral branches in 77 patients with complex aortic aneurysms. Journal of Endovascular Therapy, 20(5):597-605.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of periscope and/or chimney grafts (CPGs) in the endovascular treatment of pararenal or thoracoabdominal aneurysms using off-the-shelf devices.
METHODS: Between February 2002 and August 2012, 77 consecutive patients (62 men; mean age 73±9 years) suffering from pararenal aortic (n=55), thoracoabdominal (n=16), or arch to visceral artery aneurysms (n=6) were treated with aortic stent-graft implantation requiring chimney and/or periscope grafts to maintain side branch perfusion. CPGs were planned in advance and were not used as bailout. A standardized follow-up protocol including computed tomographic angiography, laboratory testing, and clinical examination was performed at 6 weeks; 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter.
RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 76 (99%) patients; 1 branch stent-graft became dislocated from a renal artery, which could not be re-accessed. Overall, 169 target vessels (121 renal arteries, 30 superior mesenteric arteries, 17 celiac trunks, and 1 inferior mesenteric artery) were addressed with the chimney graft configuration in 111 and the periscope graft configuration in 58. In total, 228 devices were used for the CPGs: 213 Viabahn stent-grafts and 15 bare metal stents. Over a mean 25±16 months (range 1-121), 9 patients died of unrelated causes. Nearly all (95%) of the patients demonstrated a decreased or stable aneurysm size on imaging; there was a mean 13% shrinkage in aneurysm diameter. Twenty patients had primary type I/III endoleaks at discharge; in follow-up, only 3 of these were still present (no secondary or recurrent endoleaks were noted). Additional endovascular maneuvers were required for CPG-related complications in 13 patients from intervention throughout follow-up. Overall, 4 CPGs occluded (98% target vessel patency); no stent-graft migration was observed. Renal function remained stable in all patients.
CONCLUSION: In this series, the use of CPGs has proven to be a feasible, safe, and effective way to treat thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms with maintenance of blood flow to the renovisceral arteries. Nearly all of the aneurysms showed no increase in diameter over a >2-year mean follow-up, which supports the midterm adequacy of the CPG technique as a method to effectively revascularize branch vessels with few endoleaks or branch occlusions.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of periscope and/or chimney grafts (CPGs) in the endovascular treatment of pararenal or thoracoabdominal aneurysms using off-the-shelf devices.
METHODS: Between February 2002 and August 2012, 77 consecutive patients (62 men; mean age 73±9 years) suffering from pararenal aortic (n=55), thoracoabdominal (n=16), or arch to visceral artery aneurysms (n=6) were treated with aortic stent-graft implantation requiring chimney and/or periscope grafts to maintain side branch perfusion. CPGs were planned in advance and were not used as bailout. A standardized follow-up protocol including computed tomographic angiography, laboratory testing, and clinical examination was performed at 6 weeks; 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter.
RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 76 (99%) patients; 1 branch stent-graft became dislocated from a renal artery, which could not be re-accessed. Overall, 169 target vessels (121 renal arteries, 30 superior mesenteric arteries, 17 celiac trunks, and 1 inferior mesenteric artery) were addressed with the chimney graft configuration in 111 and the periscope graft configuration in 58. In total, 228 devices were used for the CPGs: 213 Viabahn stent-grafts and 15 bare metal stents. Over a mean 25±16 months (range 1-121), 9 patients died of unrelated causes. Nearly all (95%) of the patients demonstrated a decreased or stable aneurysm size on imaging; there was a mean 13% shrinkage in aneurysm diameter. Twenty patients had primary type I/III endoleaks at discharge; in follow-up, only 3 of these were still present (no secondary or recurrent endoleaks were noted). Additional endovascular maneuvers were required for CPG-related complications in 13 patients from intervention throughout follow-up. Overall, 4 CPGs occluded (98% target vessel patency); no stent-graft migration was observed. Renal function remained stable in all patients.
CONCLUSION: In this series, the use of CPGs has proven to be a feasible, safe, and effective way to treat thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms with maintenance of blood flow to the renovisceral arteries. Nearly all of the aneurysms showed no increase in diameter over a >2-year mean follow-up, which supports the midterm adequacy of the CPG technique as a method to effectively revascularize branch vessels with few endoleaks or branch occlusions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:19 Nov 2013 11:48
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:10
Publisher:International Society of Endovascular Specialists
ISSN:1526-6028
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1583/13-4372.1
PubMed ID:24093310
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-85121

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