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Vaccination with Flt3L-induced CD8α+ dendritic cells prevents CD4+ T helper cell-mediated experimental autoimmune myocarditis


Valaperti, Alan; Nishii, Mototsugu; Germano, Davide; Liu, Peter P; Eriksson, Urs (2013). Vaccination with Flt3L-induced CD8α+ dendritic cells prevents CD4+ T helper cell-mediated experimental autoimmune myocarditis. Vaccine, 31(42):4802-4811.

Abstract

Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) represents a CD4(+) T helper (Th) cell-mediated mouse model of inflammatory heart disease. Interferon (IFN)-γ, typically produced by Th1 cells, reduces EAM severity in myosin heavy-chain-(MyHC)-α peptide/Complete Freund adjuvant-immunized mice. Thus, developing a vaccination strategy that promotes differentiation of Th1 cells may be beneficial in EAM. FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L)-induced splenic CD8α(+) dendritic cells (DC), which produce interleukin (IL)-12p35, were identified to selectively induce biased differentiation towards Th1. Mice vaccinated with MyHC-α-loaded Flt3L-induced splenic CD8α(+) DC were protected from EAM. In contrast, when Flt3L-induced splenic CD8α(+) DC were pre-stimulated and over-activated with LPS and αCD40 antibodies or loaded with unspecific OVA(323-339) peptide instead of MyHC-α peptide, mice developed similar disease scores as non-vaccinated controls. Vaccination efficacy depended on IFN-γ, since CD8α(+)-vaccinated IFN-γR(-/-) mice were not protected. Importantly, splenic CD8α(+) vaccination was independent of regulatory T cells. Taken together, Flt3L-induced dendritic cell-based antigen-specific vaccination limits expansion of auto-reactive Th cells and protects mice from autoimmune heart inflammation.

Abstract

Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) represents a CD4(+) T helper (Th) cell-mediated mouse model of inflammatory heart disease. Interferon (IFN)-γ, typically produced by Th1 cells, reduces EAM severity in myosin heavy-chain-(MyHC)-α peptide/Complete Freund adjuvant-immunized mice. Thus, developing a vaccination strategy that promotes differentiation of Th1 cells may be beneficial in EAM. FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L)-induced splenic CD8α(+) dendritic cells (DC), which produce interleukin (IL)-12p35, were identified to selectively induce biased differentiation towards Th1. Mice vaccinated with MyHC-α-loaded Flt3L-induced splenic CD8α(+) DC were protected from EAM. In contrast, when Flt3L-induced splenic CD8α(+) DC were pre-stimulated and over-activated with LPS and αCD40 antibodies or loaded with unspecific OVA(323-339) peptide instead of MyHC-α peptide, mice developed similar disease scores as non-vaccinated controls. Vaccination efficacy depended on IFN-γ, since CD8α(+)-vaccinated IFN-γR(-/-) mice were not protected. Importantly, splenic CD8α(+) vaccination was independent of regulatory T cells. Taken together, Flt3L-induced dendritic cell-based antigen-specific vaccination limits expansion of auto-reactive Th cells and protects mice from autoimmune heart inflammation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:22 Nov 2013 07:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:10
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0264-410X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.07.084
PubMed ID:23948227

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