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Resistance of human nucleotide excision repair synthesis in vitro to p21Cdn1.


Shivji, M K; Ferrari, E; Ball, K; Hübscher, U; Wood, R D (1998). Resistance of human nucleotide excision repair synthesis in vitro to p21Cdn1. Oncogene, 17(22):2827-2835.

Abstract

The p21Cdn1 protein (cip1/waf1/sdi1) plays an important role as an inhibitor of mammalian cell proliferation in response to DNA damage. By interacting with and inhibiting the function of cyclin-Cdk complexes, p21 can block entry into S phase. p21 can also directly inhibit replicative DNA synthesis by binding to the DNA polymerase sliding clamp factor PCNA. When cells are damaged and p21 is induced, DNA nucleotide excision repair (NER) continues, even though this pathway is PCNA-dependent. We investigated features of p21-resistant NER using human cell extracts. A direct end-labelling approach was used to measure the excision of damaged oligonucleotides by NER and no inhibition by p21 was found. By contrast, filling of the approximately 30 nt gaps created by NER could be inhibited by pre-binding p21 to PCNA, but only when gap filling was uncoupled from incision. Binding p21 to PCNA could also inhibit filling of model 30 nt gaps by both purified DNA polymerases delta and epsilon. When p21 was incubated in a cell extract before addition of PCNA, inhibition of repair synthesis was gradually relieved with time. This incubation gives p21 the opportunity to associate with other targets. As p21 blocks association of DNA polymerases with PCNA but does not prevent loading of PCNA onto DNA, repair gap filling can occur rapidly as soon as p21 dissociates from PCNA. A synthetic PCNA-binding p21 peptide was an efficient inhibitor of NER synthesis in cell extracts.

The p21Cdn1 protein (cip1/waf1/sdi1) plays an important role as an inhibitor of mammalian cell proliferation in response to DNA damage. By interacting with and inhibiting the function of cyclin-Cdk complexes, p21 can block entry into S phase. p21 can also directly inhibit replicative DNA synthesis by binding to the DNA polymerase sliding clamp factor PCNA. When cells are damaged and p21 is induced, DNA nucleotide excision repair (NER) continues, even though this pathway is PCNA-dependent. We investigated features of p21-resistant NER using human cell extracts. A direct end-labelling approach was used to measure the excision of damaged oligonucleotides by NER and no inhibition by p21 was found. By contrast, filling of the approximately 30 nt gaps created by NER could be inhibited by pre-binding p21 to PCNA, but only when gap filling was uncoupled from incision. Binding p21 to PCNA could also inhibit filling of model 30 nt gaps by both purified DNA polymerases delta and epsilon. When p21 was incubated in a cell extract before addition of PCNA, inhibition of repair synthesis was gradually relieved with time. This incubation gives p21 the opportunity to associate with other targets. As p21 blocks association of DNA polymerases with PCNA but does not prevent loading of PCNA onto DNA, repair gap filling can occur rapidly as soon as p21 dissociates from PCNA. A synthetic PCNA-binding p21 peptide was an efficient inhibitor of NER synthesis in cell extracts.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:3 December 1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:16
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Publisher DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1202352
Related URLs:http://www.nature.com/onc/index.html
PubMed ID:9879989

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