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4-Amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-one aus Bortrifluorid-katalysierten Umsetzungen von 3-Amino-2H-azirinen mit Carbonsäure-Derivaten


Hugener, Martin; Heimgartner, Heinz (1995). 4-Amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-one aus Bortrifluorid-katalysierten Umsetzungen von 3-Amino-2H-azirinen mit Carbonsäure-Derivaten. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 78:1490-1498.

Abstract

4-Amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones from Boron Trifluoride Catalyzed Reactions of 3-Amino-2H-azirines with Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Reaction of 3-amino-2H-azirines 1 with ethyl 2-nitroacetate (6a) in refluxing MeCN affords 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 7 and 3,6-diamino-2,5-dihydropyrazines 8, the dimerization product of 1 (Scheme 2). Thus, 6a reacts with 1 as a CH-acidic compound by C-C bond formation via C-nucleophilic attack of deprotonated 6a onto the amidinium-C-atom of protonated 1 (Scheme 5). The scope of this reaction seems to be rather limited as 1 and 2-substituted 2-nitroacetates do not give any products besides the azirine dimer 8 (see Table 1). Sodium enolates of carboxylic esters and carboxamides 11 react with 1 under BF3 catalysis to give 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 12 in 50-80 % yield (Scheme 3, Table 2). In an analogous reaction, 3-amino-2H-pyrrole 13 is formed from 1c and the Li-enolate of acetophenone (Scheme 4). A reaction mechanism for the ring enlargement of 1 involving BF3 catalysis is proposed in Scheme 6.

Abstract

4-Amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones from Boron Trifluoride Catalyzed Reactions of 3-Amino-2H-azirines with Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Reaction of 3-amino-2H-azirines 1 with ethyl 2-nitroacetate (6a) in refluxing MeCN affords 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 7 and 3,6-diamino-2,5-dihydropyrazines 8, the dimerization product of 1 (Scheme 2). Thus, 6a reacts with 1 as a CH-acidic compound by C-C bond formation via C-nucleophilic attack of deprotonated 6a onto the amidinium-C-atom of protonated 1 (Scheme 5). The scope of this reaction seems to be rather limited as 1 and 2-substituted 2-nitroacetates do not give any products besides the azirine dimer 8 (see Table 1). Sodium enolates of carboxylic esters and carboxamides 11 react with 1 under BF3 catalysis to give 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 12 in 50-80 % yield (Scheme 3, Table 2). In an analogous reaction, 3-amino-2H-pyrrole 13 is formed from 1c and the Li-enolate of acetophenone (Scheme 4). A reaction mechanism for the ring enlargement of 1 involving BF3 catalysis is proposed in Scheme 6.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:German
Date:1995
Deposited On:04 Dec 2013 14:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:12
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:Stipendienfonds der Basler Chemischen Industrie zur Unterstützung von Doktoranden auf dem Gebiete der Chemie, Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel

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