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Effects of N6-cyclopentyladenosine and caffeine on sleep regulation in the rat.


Schwierin, B; Borbely, A A; Tobler, I (1996). Effects of N6-cyclopentyladenosine and caffeine on sleep regulation in the rat. European Journal of Pharmacology, 300(3):163-171.

Abstract

To study the role of adenosine in sleep regulation, the adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and the antagonist caffeine were administered to rats. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) CPA 1 mg/kg but not 0.1 mg/kg, suppressed rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep and enhanced electroencephalographic (EEG) slow-wave activity (power density 0.75-4.0 Hz) in non-REM sleep. The latter effect was remarkably similar to the response to 6-h sleep deprivation. The effects persisted when CPA-induced hypothermia was prevented. Caffeine (10 and 15 mg/kg i.p.) elicited a dose-dependent increase in waking followed by a prolonged increase of slow-wave activity in non-REM sleep. The combination of caffeine (15 mg/kg) and sleep deprivation caused less increase in slow-wave activity than sleep deprivation alone, indicating that caffeine may reduce the buildup of sleep pressure during waking. The results are consistent with the involvement of adenosine in the regulation of non-REM sleep.

To study the role of adenosine in sleep regulation, the adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and the antagonist caffeine were administered to rats. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) CPA 1 mg/kg but not 0.1 mg/kg, suppressed rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep and enhanced electroencephalographic (EEG) slow-wave activity (power density 0.75-4.0 Hz) in non-REM sleep. The latter effect was remarkably similar to the response to 6-h sleep deprivation. The effects persisted when CPA-induced hypothermia was prevented. Caffeine (10 and 15 mg/kg i.p.) elicited a dose-dependent increase in waking followed by a prolonged increase of slow-wave activity in non-REM sleep. The combination of caffeine (15 mg/kg) and sleep deprivation caused less increase in slow-wave activity than sleep deprivation alone, indicating that caffeine may reduce the buildup of sleep pressure during waking. The results are consistent with the involvement of adenosine in the regulation of non-REM sleep.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:11 April 1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:16
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-2999
Publisher DOI:10.1016/0014-2999(96)00021-0
PubMed ID:8739204

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