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First-in-man implantation of leadless ultrasound-based cardiac stimulation pacing system: novel endocardial left ventricular resynchronization therapy in heart failure patients


Auricchio, Angelo; Delnoy, Peter-Paul; Regoli, François; Seifert, Martin; Markou, Thanasie; Butter, Christian (2013). First-in-man implantation of leadless ultrasound-based cardiac stimulation pacing system: novel endocardial left ventricular resynchronization therapy in heart failure patients. Europace, 15(8):1191-1197.

Abstract

AIMS: The importance of specific-site pacing is increasingly recognized in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Using current pacing technology, site selection is still largely limited by coronary vein anatomy, whereas left ventricular (LV) endocardial pacing using current lead technology is risky and challenging. To overcome limitations and complications with current LV pacing, the feasibility of a new technology enabling LV endocardial stimulation without the use of a lead is being evaluated in patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients presented in this report are part of the Wireless Stimulation Endocardially for CRT Trial (WiSE-CRT) study investigating the safety and performance of the WiCS(®)-LV system, an implantable cardiac pacing system capable of leadless pacing based on converting ultrasound energy to electrical energy. Three patients are presented: (i) a patient with an existing implantable defibrillator, (ii) a patient with a CRT system whose LV lead does not capture, and (iii) a CRT patient classified as a non-responder. All three patients were successfully treated. Acute electrical pacing thresholds ranged from 0.7 to 1.0 V at 0.5 ms; all patients retained captured at 6 months. Functional New York Heart Association class significantly changed (Pre: III in two patients, and IV in one patient; Post: I in one patient, II in one patient, and II-III in one patient), and LV ejection fraction increased from 23.7 ± 3.4% to 39 ± 6.2% (P < 0.017).
CONCLUSION: This report on three first-in-man cases shows that leadless endocardial pacing may be safely applied and effective, conferring short- to-mid-term symptomatic benefits. These promising findings are yet to be substantiated by larger ongoing studies.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01294527.

AIMS: The importance of specific-site pacing is increasingly recognized in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Using current pacing technology, site selection is still largely limited by coronary vein anatomy, whereas left ventricular (LV) endocardial pacing using current lead technology is risky and challenging. To overcome limitations and complications with current LV pacing, the feasibility of a new technology enabling LV endocardial stimulation without the use of a lead is being evaluated in patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients presented in this report are part of the Wireless Stimulation Endocardially for CRT Trial (WiSE-CRT) study investigating the safety and performance of the WiCS(®)-LV system, an implantable cardiac pacing system capable of leadless pacing based on converting ultrasound energy to electrical energy. Three patients are presented: (i) a patient with an existing implantable defibrillator, (ii) a patient with a CRT system whose LV lead does not capture, and (iii) a CRT patient classified as a non-responder. All three patients were successfully treated. Acute electrical pacing thresholds ranged from 0.7 to 1.0 V at 0.5 ms; all patients retained captured at 6 months. Functional New York Heart Association class significantly changed (Pre: III in two patients, and IV in one patient; Post: I in one patient, II in one patient, and II-III in one patient), and LV ejection fraction increased from 23.7 ± 3.4% to 39 ± 6.2% (P < 0.017).
CONCLUSION: This report on three first-in-man cases shows that leadless endocardial pacing may be safely applied and effective, conferring short- to-mid-term symptomatic benefits. These promising findings are yet to be substantiated by larger ongoing studies.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01294527.

Citations

23 citations in Web of Science®
31 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:03 Feb 2014 16:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:27
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1099-5129
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eut124
PubMed ID:23703364

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