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Nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) as an alternative to slow-release for tocolysis—Tolerance and pharmacokinetic profile


Juon, A M; Kühn-Velten, W N; Burkhardt, T; Krähenmann, F; Zimmermann, R; von Mandach, U (2008). Nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) as an alternative to slow-release for tocolysis—Tolerance and pharmacokinetic profile. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 140(1):27-32.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine nifedipine plasma concentrations after a loading dose of nifedipine 10mg capsules, 40 mg over 1h followed by slow-release tablets (60 mg/d) versus gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) tablets (90 mg/d) for tocolysis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in 14 pregnant women treated for threatened preterm labor. RESULTS: Following capsule administration there was a rapid rise in plasma concentration of drug achieving a peak of 97.5 microg/l (median) at 1h, then declined to 59.5 microg/l (median) at 5h. The concentration measured at 7200 min (120 h) was non-significantly higher in the slow-release group (median 25.5, range 6.9-67.2 microg/l) than in the GITS group (median 14.6, range 6.0-20.0 microg/l). Area under the curve (AUC) increased with the applied dose in both groups in a linear regression. Headache was more frequent in the slow-release group than in the GITS group (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: GITS tablets 90 mg/d are an alternative dosage regimen to previous used slow-release tablets 60 mg/d for tocolysis with similar pharmacokinetic profile and a good tolerance. However, tocolysis with GITS tablets is simpler than that with slow-release tablets and may be associated with a higher compliance. GITS tablets are therefore also qualified for home monitoring.

OBJECTIVE: To determine nifedipine plasma concentrations after a loading dose of nifedipine 10mg capsules, 40 mg over 1h followed by slow-release tablets (60 mg/d) versus gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) tablets (90 mg/d) for tocolysis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in 14 pregnant women treated for threatened preterm labor. RESULTS: Following capsule administration there was a rapid rise in plasma concentration of drug achieving a peak of 97.5 microg/l (median) at 1h, then declined to 59.5 microg/l (median) at 5h. The concentration measured at 7200 min (120 h) was non-significantly higher in the slow-release group (median 25.5, range 6.9-67.2 microg/l) than in the GITS group (median 14.6, range 6.0-20.0 microg/l). Area under the curve (AUC) increased with the applied dose in both groups in a linear regression. Headache was more frequent in the slow-release group than in the GITS group (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: GITS tablets 90 mg/d are an alternative dosage regimen to previous used slow-release tablets 60 mg/d for tocolysis with similar pharmacokinetic profile and a good tolerance. However, tocolysis with GITS tablets is simpler than that with slow-release tablets and may be associated with a higher compliance. GITS tablets are therefore also qualified for home monitoring.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Obstetrics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:06 Jan 2009 11:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:45
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0301-2115
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.02.003
PubMed ID:18394772
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-8995

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