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Status of the down-regulated canine testis using two different GNRH agonist implants in comparison with the juvenile testis


Goericke-Pesch, S; Gentil, M; Spang, A; Kowalewski, M P; Failing, K; Hoffmann, B (2013). Status of the down-regulated canine testis using two different GNRH agonist implants in comparison with the juvenile testis. Reproduction, 146(6):517-526.

Abstract

Testicular function in the dog was down-regulated using two different GNRH agonist implants, with adult and juvenile testes serving as controls. Treatment resulted in an increased percentage of the interstitial area and decreased area of Leydig cell nuclei. Expression of StAR and the steroidogenic enzymes cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc, CYP11A1) and cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase-17,20-lyase (P450c17, CYP17A1) in Leydig cells was blocked at the mRNA and protein level, showing no differences between the two agonists. Staining for androgen receptor (AR) by immunohistochemistry was positive in Sertoli, Leydig and peritubular cells and some spermatogonia, with in situ hybridization confirming expression in Sertoli cells. At the mRNA level, expression of AR was not affected; however, translation was blocked (reduced percentage of AR-positive Sertoli cells), with the number of nuclei in basal position being decreased. In the juvenile testes, mRNA expression of StAR, CYP11A1 and CYP17A1 was higher compared with the other groups but distinctly lower for the AR. At the protein level, the expression was at the limit of detection for StAR; AR-positive Sertoli cells were not detected. Our observations show that the down-regulated testis is different from the juvenile one rather resembling the testicular status in seasonal breeders out of season.

Abstract

Testicular function in the dog was down-regulated using two different GNRH agonist implants, with adult and juvenile testes serving as controls. Treatment resulted in an increased percentage of the interstitial area and decreased area of Leydig cell nuclei. Expression of StAR and the steroidogenic enzymes cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc, CYP11A1) and cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase-17,20-lyase (P450c17, CYP17A1) in Leydig cells was blocked at the mRNA and protein level, showing no differences between the two agonists. Staining for androgen receptor (AR) by immunohistochemistry was positive in Sertoli, Leydig and peritubular cells and some spermatogonia, with in situ hybridization confirming expression in Sertoli cells. At the mRNA level, expression of AR was not affected; however, translation was blocked (reduced percentage of AR-positive Sertoli cells), with the number of nuclei in basal position being decreased. In the juvenile testes, mRNA expression of StAR, CYP11A1 and CYP17A1 was higher compared with the other groups but distinctly lower for the AR. At the protein level, the expression was at the limit of detection for StAR; AR-positive Sertoli cells were not detected. Our observations show that the down-regulated testis is different from the juvenile one rather resembling the testicular status in seasonal breeders out of season.

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2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:10 Feb 2014 15:06
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:30
Publisher:BioScientifica Ltd.
ISSN:1470-1626
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1530/REP-13-0195
PubMed ID:24019508

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