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Identification of IGFBP-7 by urinary proteomics as a novel prognostic marker in early acute kidney injury


Aregger, Fabienne; Uehlinger, Dominik E; Witowski, Janusz; Brunisholz, René A; Hunziker, Peter; Frey, Felix J; Jörres, Achim (2014). Identification of IGFBP-7 by urinary proteomics as a novel prognostic marker in early acute kidney injury. Kidney International, 85(4):909-919.

Abstract

Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) and accurate prognostic stratification is a prerequisite for optimal medical management. To identify novel prognostic markers of AKI, urine was collected on the first day of AKI in critically ill patients. Twelve patients with early recovery and 12 matching patients with late/non-recovery were selected and their proteome analyzed by gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. We identified eight prognostic candidates including α-1 microglobulin, α-1 antitrypsin, apolipoprotein D, calreticulin, cathepsin D, CD59, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP-7), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). Subsequent quantification by ELISA showed that IGFBP-7 was the most potent predictor of renal recovery. IGFBP-7 and NGAL were then chosen for further analyses in an independent verification group of 28 patients with and 12 control patients without AKI. IGFBP-7 and NGAL discriminated between early and late/non-recovery patients and patients with and without AKI. Significant upregulation of the urinary markers predicted mortality (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.68; NGAL: AUC 0.81), recovery (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.74; NGAL: AUC 0.70), and severity of AKI (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.77; NGAL: AUC 0.69), and were associated with the duration of AKI. IGFBP-7 was a more accurate predictor of renal outcome than NGAL. Thus, IGFBP-7 is a novel prognostic urinary marker that warrants further investigation.Kidney International advance online publication, 25 September 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.363.

Abstract

Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) and accurate prognostic stratification is a prerequisite for optimal medical management. To identify novel prognostic markers of AKI, urine was collected on the first day of AKI in critically ill patients. Twelve patients with early recovery and 12 matching patients with late/non-recovery were selected and their proteome analyzed by gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. We identified eight prognostic candidates including α-1 microglobulin, α-1 antitrypsin, apolipoprotein D, calreticulin, cathepsin D, CD59, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP-7), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). Subsequent quantification by ELISA showed that IGFBP-7 was the most potent predictor of renal recovery. IGFBP-7 and NGAL were then chosen for further analyses in an independent verification group of 28 patients with and 12 control patients without AKI. IGFBP-7 and NGAL discriminated between early and late/non-recovery patients and patients with and without AKI. Significant upregulation of the urinary markers predicted mortality (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.68; NGAL: AUC 0.81), recovery (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.74; NGAL: AUC 0.70), and severity of AKI (IGFBP-7: AUC 0.77; NGAL: AUC 0.69), and were associated with the duration of AKI. IGFBP-7 was a more accurate predictor of renal outcome than NGAL. Thus, IGFBP-7 is a novel prognostic urinary marker that warrants further investigation.Kidney International advance online publication, 25 September 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.363.

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24 citations in Web of Science®
27 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:24 Jan 2014 15:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:31
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2013.363
PubMed ID:24067438

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