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Nanostructures and hydrophilicity influence osseointegration: a biomechanical study in the rabbit tibia


Wennerberg, Ann; Jimbo, Ryo; Stübinger, Stefan; Obrecht, Marcel; Dard, Michel; Berner, Simon (2014). Nanostructures and hydrophilicity influence osseointegration: a biomechanical study in the rabbit tibia. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 25(9):1041-1050.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
Implant surface properties have long been identified as an important factor to promote osseointegration. The importance of nanostructures and hydrophilicity has recently been discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate how nanostructures and wettability influence osseointegration and to identify whether the wettability, the nanostructure or both in combination play the key role in improved osseointegration.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Twenty-six adult rabbits each received two Ti grade 4 discs in each tibia. Four different types of surface modifications with different wettability and nanostructures were prepared: hydrophobic without nanostructures (SLA), with nanostructures (SLAnano); hydrophilic with two different nanostructure densities (low density: pmodSLA, high density: SLActive). All four groups were intended to have similar chemistry and microroughness. The surfaces were evaluated with contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and interferometry. After 4 and 8 weeks healing time, pull-out tests were performed.
RESULTS:
SLA and SLAnano were hydrophobic, whereas SLActive and pmodSLA were super-hydrophilic. No nanostructures were present on the SLA surface, but the three other surface modifications clearly showed the presence of nanostructures, although more sparsely distributed on pmodSLA. The hydrophobic samples showed higher carbon contamination levels compared with the hydrophilic samples. After 4 weeks healing time, SLActive implants showed the highest pull-out values, with significantly higher pull-out force than SLA and SLAnano. After 8 weeks, the SLActive implants had the highest pull-out force, significantly higher than SLAnano and SLA.
CONCLUSIONS:
The strongest bone response was achieved with a combination of wettability and the presence of nanostructures (SLActive).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
Implant surface properties have long been identified as an important factor to promote osseointegration. The importance of nanostructures and hydrophilicity has recently been discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate how nanostructures and wettability influence osseointegration and to identify whether the wettability, the nanostructure or both in combination play the key role in improved osseointegration.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Twenty-six adult rabbits each received two Ti grade 4 discs in each tibia. Four different types of surface modifications with different wettability and nanostructures were prepared: hydrophobic without nanostructures (SLA), with nanostructures (SLAnano); hydrophilic with two different nanostructure densities (low density: pmodSLA, high density: SLActive). All four groups were intended to have similar chemistry and microroughness. The surfaces were evaluated with contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and interferometry. After 4 and 8 weeks healing time, pull-out tests were performed.
RESULTS:
SLA and SLAnano were hydrophobic, whereas SLActive and pmodSLA were super-hydrophilic. No nanostructures were present on the SLA surface, but the three other surface modifications clearly showed the presence of nanostructures, although more sparsely distributed on pmodSLA. The hydrophobic samples showed higher carbon contamination levels compared with the hydrophilic samples. After 4 weeks healing time, SLActive implants showed the highest pull-out values, with significantly higher pull-out force than SLA and SLAnano. After 8 weeks, the SLActive implants had the highest pull-out force, significantly higher than SLAnano and SLA.
CONCLUSIONS:
The strongest bone response was achieved with a combination of wettability and the presence of nanostructures (SLActive).

Citations

18 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:03 Feb 2014 09:53
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0905-7161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12213
PubMed ID:23782316

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