UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

DNA quality control by a lesion sensor pocket of the xeroderma pigmentosum group D helicase subunit of TFIIH


Mathieu, Nadine; Kaczmarek, Nina; Rüthemann, Peter; Luch, Andreas; Naegeli, Hanspeter (2013). DNA quality control by a lesion sensor pocket of the xeroderma pigmentosum group D helicase subunit of TFIIH. Current Biology, 23(3):204-212.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nucleotide excision repair is a versatile DNA repair reaction that removes bulky adducts generated by environmental mutagens such as the UV spectrum of sunlight or chemical carcinogens. Current multistep models of this excision repair pathway accommodate its broad substrate repertoire but fail to explain the stringent selectivity toward damaged nucleotides among excess native DNA. To understand the mechanism of bulky lesion recognition, we postulated that it is necessary to analyze the function of xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) protein beyond its well-known role in the unwinding of double-stranded DNA.

RESULTS: We engineered two new XPD mutants (Y192A and R196E), involving amino acid substitutions near its central protein pore, that confer defective DNA repair despite normal transcription. In situ fluorescence-based protein dynamics studies in living cells demonstrated that both new mutants were unable to recognize DNA damage and failed to form stable associations with lesion sites. However, when their biochemical properties were tested in the framework of an archaeal protein homolog, they both retained ATPase and DNA-unwinding activity. The outstanding difference versus the wild-type control was that their directional 5'-3' translocation along DNA was not stopped by a bulky lesion, and moreover, they were unable to build long-lived demarcation complexes at damaged sites.

CONCLUSIONS: By uncoupling for the first time the unwinding and damage sensor activities of XPD, we describe an unprecedented genome quality control process whereby a recognition pocket near the central DNA helicase pore scans individual substrate strands to capture base adducts.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nucleotide excision repair is a versatile DNA repair reaction that removes bulky adducts generated by environmental mutagens such as the UV spectrum of sunlight or chemical carcinogens. Current multistep models of this excision repair pathway accommodate its broad substrate repertoire but fail to explain the stringent selectivity toward damaged nucleotides among excess native DNA. To understand the mechanism of bulky lesion recognition, we postulated that it is necessary to analyze the function of xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) protein beyond its well-known role in the unwinding of double-stranded DNA.

RESULTS: We engineered two new XPD mutants (Y192A and R196E), involving amino acid substitutions near its central protein pore, that confer defective DNA repair despite normal transcription. In situ fluorescence-based protein dynamics studies in living cells demonstrated that both new mutants were unable to recognize DNA damage and failed to form stable associations with lesion sites. However, when their biochemical properties were tested in the framework of an archaeal protein homolog, they both retained ATPase and DNA-unwinding activity. The outstanding difference versus the wild-type control was that their directional 5'-3' translocation along DNA was not stopped by a bulky lesion, and moreover, they were unable to build long-lived demarcation complexes at damaged sites.

CONCLUSIONS: By uncoupling for the first time the unwinding and damage sensor activities of XPD, we describe an unprecedented genome quality control process whereby a recognition pocket near the central DNA helicase pore scans individual substrate strands to capture base adducts.

Citations

25 citations in Web of Science®
27 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 27 Jan 2014
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Date:2013
Deposited On:27 Jan 2014 11:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:32
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:0960-9822
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.12.032
PubMed ID:23352696

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 143kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations