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Regional differences in the dynamics of the cortical EEG in the rat after sleep deprivation.


Schwierin, B; Achermann, P; Deboer, T; Oleksenko, A; Borbely, A A; Tobler, I (1999). Regional differences in the dynamics of the cortical EEG in the rat after sleep deprivation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110(5):869-875.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate regional changes of the cortical sleep EEG in the rat, recordings were obtained from a frontal and an occipital derivation, on a baseline day (n = 14 male rats, Sprague-Dawley strain) and after 24 h sleep deprivation (SD, n = 7). METHODS: Spectral analysis of the vigilance states revealed state and frequency specific differences in EEG power by two-way ANOVA and post-hoc t tests. RESULTS: In the theta band (6.25-9.0 Hz) occipital power was larger than frontal power in waking and REM sleep, whereas frontal power was larger in the frequency range between 10.25-16.0 Hz in non-REM sleep and REM sleep. After SD frontal power in the 2-4 Hz band in non-REM sleep was increased more than occipital power and frontal power in the 10.25-16.0 Hz range was more attenuated. In REM sleep frontal power in the theta band and in the 10.25-16.0 Hz range was more increased than occipital power. Power in the waking EEG did not differ between the two derivations after SD. CONCLUSIONS: The differential responses to SD may reflect regional use-dependent aspects of sleep regulation. These observations support the notion that sleep is not only a global phenomenon but has also local, use-dependent features.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate regional changes of the cortical sleep EEG in the rat, recordings were obtained from a frontal and an occipital derivation, on a baseline day (n = 14 male rats, Sprague-Dawley strain) and after 24 h sleep deprivation (SD, n = 7). METHODS: Spectral analysis of the vigilance states revealed state and frequency specific differences in EEG power by two-way ANOVA and post-hoc t tests. RESULTS: In the theta band (6.25-9.0 Hz) occipital power was larger than frontal power in waking and REM sleep, whereas frontal power was larger in the frequency range between 10.25-16.0 Hz in non-REM sleep and REM sleep. After SD frontal power in the 2-4 Hz band in non-REM sleep was increased more than occipital power and frontal power in the 10.25-16.0 Hz range was more attenuated. In REM sleep frontal power in the theta band and in the 10.25-16.0 Hz range was more increased than occipital power. Power in the waking EEG did not differ between the two derivations after SD. CONCLUSIONS: The differential responses to SD may reflect regional use-dependent aspects of sleep regulation. These observations support the notion that sleep is not only a global phenomenon but has also local, use-dependent features.

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43 citations in Web of Science®
45 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 1999
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:16
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1388-2457
Publisher DOI:10.1016/S1388-2457(99)00020-6
PubMed ID:10400200

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