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Femoral neck fractures after arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty for femoroacetabular impingement


Zingg, Patrick O; Buehler, Tobias C; Poutawera, Vaughan R; Alireza, Amin; Dora, Claudio (2014). Femoral neck fractures after arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty for femoroacetabular impingement. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 22(4):926-931.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate, associated risk factors and outcome of insufficiency femoral neck fractures following arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty for femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2009, a consecutive series of 376 arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasties for femoroacetabular impingement were performed and analysed. Seven postoperative fractures were found and comprise the fracture group. The amount of femoral head-neck bone resected as assessed on follow-up cross table lateral views, as well as age, gender, height, weight and BMI, was compared between the fracture group and the entire collective. Subjective outcome was recorded using the WOMAC score. RESULTS: Seven fractures (1.9 %) were identified. All occurred in males at an average of 4.4 weeks postoperatively and were considered insufficiency fractures. The fracture group had a significantly higher mean age (p = 0.01) and height (p = 0.013). Within the fracture group, alpha angles were lower (p = 0.009) and resection depth ratios were higher (p < 0.001). The femoral offset was significantly higher (p = 0.016) in the fracture group and in male patients (p < 0.001). The cut-off value for resection depth ratio on cross table lateral radiograph was 18 % of the femoral head radius. After a mean follow-up of 20 months, an inferior WOMAC (p = 0.030) was recorded in the fracture group. CONCLUSION: Femoral neck insufficiency fractures were identified in 1.9 % of our arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasty cases. Significant new pain following a period of satisfactory recovery after arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty should alert the surgeon to the possibility of this complication. If a resection depth ratio of more than 18 % is recognized on the postoperative cross table lateral view, particularly in male patients with a high femoral head-shaft offset, the risk of postoperative insufficiency fracture is increased. This study not only defines the complication rate, but also identifies associated risk factors and determines the influence on the postoperative subjective short-term result. Important information for both the patient and orthopaedic surgeon is provided and may have a direct consequence on the postoperative protocol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate, associated risk factors and outcome of insufficiency femoral neck fractures following arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty for femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2009, a consecutive series of 376 arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasties for femoroacetabular impingement were performed and analysed. Seven postoperative fractures were found and comprise the fracture group. The amount of femoral head-neck bone resected as assessed on follow-up cross table lateral views, as well as age, gender, height, weight and BMI, was compared between the fracture group and the entire collective. Subjective outcome was recorded using the WOMAC score. RESULTS: Seven fractures (1.9 %) were identified. All occurred in males at an average of 4.4 weeks postoperatively and were considered insufficiency fractures. The fracture group had a significantly higher mean age (p = 0.01) and height (p = 0.013). Within the fracture group, alpha angles were lower (p = 0.009) and resection depth ratios were higher (p < 0.001). The femoral offset was significantly higher (p = 0.016) in the fracture group and in male patients (p < 0.001). The cut-off value for resection depth ratio on cross table lateral radiograph was 18 % of the femoral head radius. After a mean follow-up of 20 months, an inferior WOMAC (p = 0.030) was recorded in the fracture group. CONCLUSION: Femoral neck insufficiency fractures were identified in 1.9 % of our arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasty cases. Significant new pain following a period of satisfactory recovery after arthroscopic femoral neck osteochondroplasty should alert the surgeon to the possibility of this complication. If a resection depth ratio of more than 18 % is recognized on the postoperative cross table lateral view, particularly in male patients with a high femoral head-shaft offset, the risk of postoperative insufficiency fracture is increased. This study not only defines the complication rate, but also identifies associated risk factors and determines the influence on the postoperative subjective short-term result. Important information for both the patient and orthopaedic surgeon is provided and may have a direct consequence on the postoperative protocol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

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4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:24 Feb 2014 11:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:40
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0942-2056
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2355-1
PubMed ID:23263229

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