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Thrombolyse nach Herzinfarkt


Schilling, Julian; Schwendinger, M; Vranjes, Nenad; Gutzwiller, Felix (1996). Thrombolyse nach Herzinfarkt. Praxis, 85(42):1311-1315.

Abstract

For evaluation of the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction, all cases of ten Zurich hospitals (278, 184 men and 94 women) in the period from 1 January to 31 March 1993 were analyzed retrospectively. 223 patients were released from hospital, 55 died. A follow-up was done 6 months after the patient's discharge by means of a questionnaires to the family doctor (return rate: 65.9%). 48.5% of patients were referred to hospital within the first 6 h. after onset of symptoms, 64% within the first 12 h. 28% (n = 76) of the patients received a thrombolytic therapy, of which 91% (n = 69) got streptokinase and 9% (n = 7) got tissue plasminogen activator. In 81% of the cases the thrombolytic therapy was done within the first hour in hospital, in accumulated 97% of the cases within two hours. In the age group under 65 years (39% of the patients, n = 109), 48 patients received thrombolysis (odds ratio [OR] = 1.0). In the age group between 65 and 74 years (24.5 % of the patients, n = 68), 19 patients received thrombolysis (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.42-0.99; p < 0.05), and in the age group over 74 years (36.5% of the patients, n = 101), 9 patients were received thrombolysis (OR: 0.12; 95% CI: 0.05-0.28; p < 0.0001). 31% of the patients (n = 46) received a coronary angiography, 15% (n = 22) had coronary angioplasty, and 11% (n = 1) received coronary bypass surgery. There is evidence that there should be more importance attached to early hospitalization, if acute myocardial infarction is suspected. Thereby age alone should be considered as a contraindication for thrombolytic therapy. The issue of assumed underuse of thrombolytic therapy should be investigated all over Switzerland.

For evaluation of the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction, all cases of ten Zurich hospitals (278, 184 men and 94 women) in the period from 1 January to 31 March 1993 were analyzed retrospectively. 223 patients were released from hospital, 55 died. A follow-up was done 6 months after the patient's discharge by means of a questionnaires to the family doctor (return rate: 65.9%). 48.5% of patients were referred to hospital within the first 6 h. after onset of symptoms, 64% within the first 12 h. 28% (n = 76) of the patients received a thrombolytic therapy, of which 91% (n = 69) got streptokinase and 9% (n = 7) got tissue plasminogen activator. In 81% of the cases the thrombolytic therapy was done within the first hour in hospital, in accumulated 97% of the cases within two hours. In the age group under 65 years (39% of the patients, n = 109), 48 patients received thrombolysis (odds ratio [OR] = 1.0). In the age group between 65 and 74 years (24.5 % of the patients, n = 68), 19 patients received thrombolysis (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.42-0.99; p < 0.05), and in the age group over 74 years (36.5% of the patients, n = 101), 9 patients were received thrombolysis (OR: 0.12; 95% CI: 0.05-0.28; p < 0.0001). 31% of the patients (n = 46) received a coronary angiography, 15% (n = 22) had coronary angioplasty, and 11% (n = 1) received coronary bypass surgery. There is evidence that there should be more importance attached to early hospitalization, if acute myocardial infarction is suspected. Thereby age alone should be considered as a contraindication for thrombolytic therapy. The issue of assumed underuse of thrombolytic therapy should be investigated all over Switzerland.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Thrombolysis following myocardial infarct. European Secondary Prevention Study
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:1996
Deposited On:27 May 2014 14:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:53
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:1661-8157
PubMed ID:8966427

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