UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

„Wissen“ und „glauben“ als Gegensatzpaar im politischen Diskurs Japans zwischen 1812 und 1911


Reinfried, Heinrich (2014). „Wissen“ und „glauben“ als Gegensatzpaar im politischen Diskurs Japans zwischen 1812 und 1911. Asiatische Studien, 68(1):139-181.

Abstract

This study focuses on how the German pair of concepts opposite in meaning “wissen” (to know) and “glauben” (to believe) was expressed in Japanese texts critical of religion and religious organizations before and after the onslaught of Western ideas in the second half of the 19th century. A comparison of the words used for the actions commonly associated with “believing” and “knowing” in a text on peasant life in rural Kyūshū in the 1810s with the terminology used by a leading member of the bureaucratic intelligentsia in Tokyo in the 1910s reveals that the basic conflict between “knowing” and “believing” before and after the mid-19th century period of transition differed fundamentally from the archetypal opposition of “belief in transcendence” versus “acquisition of knowledge by empirical methods” which characterised the Western Age of Enlightenment. In fact, religion was blamed above all for deflecting the allegiance of believers from the political authorities to religious organizations. Accordingly criticism in both periods focuses mainly on those religious organizations which on grounds of their popular appeal were seen to pose an immediate threat to the government’s claim to “knowing”, a term which in Japanese is emantically closely linked with “governing”. Since faith was not regarded as “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Hebrews 11.1) but as a form of allegiance ( kie ), criticism of religion in the texts surveyed should be understood as being rooted in political concerns, not in a radical denial of religion as such.

This study focuses on how the German pair of concepts opposite in meaning “wissen” (to know) and “glauben” (to believe) was expressed in Japanese texts critical of religion and religious organizations before and after the onslaught of Western ideas in the second half of the 19th century. A comparison of the words used for the actions commonly associated with “believing” and “knowing” in a text on peasant life in rural Kyūshū in the 1810s with the terminology used by a leading member of the bureaucratic intelligentsia in Tokyo in the 1910s reveals that the basic conflict between “knowing” and “believing” before and after the mid-19th century period of transition differed fundamentally from the archetypal opposition of “belief in transcendence” versus “acquisition of knowledge by empirical methods” which characterised the Western Age of Enlightenment. In fact, religion was blamed above all for deflecting the allegiance of believers from the political authorities to religious organizations. Accordingly criticism in both periods focuses mainly on those religious organizations which on grounds of their popular appeal were seen to pose an immediate threat to the government’s claim to “knowing”, a term which in Japanese is emantically closely linked with “governing”. Since faith was not regarded as “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Hebrews 11.1) but as a form of allegiance ( kie ), criticism of religion in the texts surveyed should be understood as being rooted in political concerns, not in a radical denial of religion as such.

Altmetrics

Downloads

116 downloads since deposited on 03 Oct 2014
109 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:Journals > Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques > Archive > 68 (2014) > 1
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Language:German
Date:2014
Deposited On:03 Oct 2014 11:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:24
Publisher:Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft; Verlag Peter Lang AG
ISSN:0004-4717
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-99232

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 569kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations