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Individual larvae of the zebrafish mutant belladonna display multiple infantile nystagmus-like waveforms that are influenced by viewing conditions


Huber-Reggi, Sabina P; Mueller, Kaspar P; Straumann, Dominik; Huang, Melody Ying-Yu; Neuhauss, Stephan C F (2014). Individual larvae of the zebrafish mutant belladonna display multiple infantile nystagmus-like waveforms that are influenced by viewing conditions. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science [IOVS], 55(6):3971-3978.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is characterized by involuntary eye oscillations that can assume different waveforms. Previous attempts to uncover reasons for the presence of several nystagmus waveforms have not led to a general consensus in the community. Recently, we characterized the belladonna (bel) zebrafish mutant strain, in which INS-like ocular motor abnormalities are caused by misprojection of a variable fraction of optic nerve fibers. Here we studied intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the occurrence of different waveforms in bel larvae.
METHODS: Eye movements of bel larvae were recorded in the presence of a stationary grating pattern. Waveforms of spontaneous oscillations were grouped in three categories: "pendular," "unidirectional jerk," and "bidirectional jerk," and the occurrences of each category were compared within and between individual larvae. Moreover, the effects of the characteristics of a preceding optokinetic response (OKR), of the field of view, and of the eye orbital position were analyzed.
RESULTS: The different waveform categories co-occurred in most individuals. We found waveforms being influenced by the preceding OKR and by the field of view. Moreover, we found different kinds of relationships between orbital position and initiation of a specific waveform, including pendular nystagmus in a more eccentric orbital position, and differences among jerk oscillations regarding the beating direction of the first saccade or waveform amplitude.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that waveform categories in bel larvae do not reflect the severity of the morphological phenotype but rather are influenced by viewing conditions.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is characterized by involuntary eye oscillations that can assume different waveforms. Previous attempts to uncover reasons for the presence of several nystagmus waveforms have not led to a general consensus in the community. Recently, we characterized the belladonna (bel) zebrafish mutant strain, in which INS-like ocular motor abnormalities are caused by misprojection of a variable fraction of optic nerve fibers. Here we studied intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the occurrence of different waveforms in bel larvae.
METHODS: Eye movements of bel larvae were recorded in the presence of a stationary grating pattern. Waveforms of spontaneous oscillations were grouped in three categories: "pendular," "unidirectional jerk," and "bidirectional jerk," and the occurrences of each category were compared within and between individual larvae. Moreover, the effects of the characteristics of a preceding optokinetic response (OKR), of the field of view, and of the eye orbital position were analyzed.
RESULTS: The different waveform categories co-occurred in most individuals. We found waveforms being influenced by the preceding OKR and by the field of view. Moreover, we found different kinds of relationships between orbital position and initiation of a specific waveform, including pendular nystagmus in a more eccentric orbital position, and differences among jerk oscillations regarding the beating direction of the first saccade or waveform amplitude.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that waveform categories in bel larvae do not reflect the severity of the morphological phenotype but rather are influenced by viewing conditions.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Neuroscience Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:12 Jan 2015 17:29
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 07:57
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN:0146-0404
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-13576
PubMed ID:24867578

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