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In vitro and in vivo Antischistosomal Activity of Ferroquine Derivatives


Keiser, Jennifer; Vargas, Mireille; Rubbiani, Riccardo; Gasser, Gilles; Biot, Christophe (2014). In vitro and in vivo Antischistosomal Activity of Ferroquine Derivatives. Parasites & Vectors, 7:424.

Abstract

Background Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease and drug-repurposing is a useful strategy to fill its exhausted drug development pipeline. The ferrocenyl analogue of chloroquine, ferroquine, is an antimalarial in late-stage drug development. The aim of the present work was to study the antischistosomal activity of ferroquine against Schistosoma mansoni adult worms and newly transformed schistosomula (NTS) in vitro and in vivo. Hydroxyl-ferroquine and ruthenoquine were included to study the potential role of reactive oxygen species in the antischistosomal activity. Chloroquine and mefloquine, the later described for its antischistosomal properties, served as comparators. Findings All metal complexes were shown to be moderately cytotoxic on human cervix HeLa cancer cells and human fetal lung fibroblasts MRC-5. 72 hours post-incubation NTS exposed to 33.3 µM ruthenoquine had died, while ferroquine and hydroxyl-ferroquine treated worms were strongly affected. No activity was observed treating NTS with chloroquine at 33.3 µM. Incubation of adult S. mansoni with 33.3 µM of the organometallic derivatives were highly affected in viability but were still alive 72 hours post-incubation. Mefloquine showed the highest activity against NTS and adult S. mansoni. Low total worm burden reductions of 0-36% were observed following oral administration of 200–800 mg/kg of the ferroquine derivatives to S. mansoni-infected mice. Conclusions The organometallic compounds evaluated in this study revealed moderate in vitro activity against both larval and adult stages of S. mansoni but low in vivo activity. No correlation can be drawn between the antimalarial and antischistosomal activity of chloroquine analogues and oxidative shock does not seem to play a role in the activity of these compounds against S. mansoni.

Abstract

Background Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease and drug-repurposing is a useful strategy to fill its exhausted drug development pipeline. The ferrocenyl analogue of chloroquine, ferroquine, is an antimalarial in late-stage drug development. The aim of the present work was to study the antischistosomal activity of ferroquine against Schistosoma mansoni adult worms and newly transformed schistosomula (NTS) in vitro and in vivo. Hydroxyl-ferroquine and ruthenoquine were included to study the potential role of reactive oxygen species in the antischistosomal activity. Chloroquine and mefloquine, the later described for its antischistosomal properties, served as comparators. Findings All metal complexes were shown to be moderately cytotoxic on human cervix HeLa cancer cells and human fetal lung fibroblasts MRC-5. 72 hours post-incubation NTS exposed to 33.3 µM ruthenoquine had died, while ferroquine and hydroxyl-ferroquine treated worms were strongly affected. No activity was observed treating NTS with chloroquine at 33.3 µM. Incubation of adult S. mansoni with 33.3 µM of the organometallic derivatives were highly affected in viability but were still alive 72 hours post-incubation. Mefloquine showed the highest activity against NTS and adult S. mansoni. Low total worm burden reductions of 0-36% were observed following oral administration of 200–800 mg/kg of the ferroquine derivatives to S. mansoni-infected mice. Conclusions The organometallic compounds evaluated in this study revealed moderate in vitro activity against both larval and adult stages of S. mansoni but low in vivo activity. No correlation can be drawn between the antimalarial and antischistosomal activity of chloroquine analogues and oxidative shock does not seem to play a role in the activity of these compounds against S. mansoni.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:06 Nov 2014 15:09
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 07:59
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1756-3305
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-424
PubMed ID:25190030

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