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Comparison of different strategies to decrease negative affect and increase positive affect in women with borderline personality disorder


Jacob, G A; Arendt, J; Kolley, L; Scheel, Corinna N; Bader, K; Lieb, K; Arntz, A; Tüscher, O (2011). Comparison of different strategies to decrease negative affect and increase positive affect in women with borderline personality disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(1):68-73.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:In this study we compared the effect of different emotion regulation strategies on positive and negative emotions in patients with borderline personality disorder.
METHODS:Emotion regulation strategies were a distracting task, individual positive memory imagery, individual soothing imagery, and a neutral comparison condition. During two separate sessions, 17 participants watched either neutral or negative movie segments before using these strategies.
RESULTS:All three strategies influenced emotions into a favorable direction as compared to the neutral comparison condition. The positive memory image increased positive emotions significantly stronger than counting colors and distracting.
DISCUSSION:Different strategies seem to have similar effects in decreasing negative emotions. Positive emotions may be affected in particular by positive and soothing imagery techniques.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:In this study we compared the effect of different emotion regulation strategies on positive and negative emotions in patients with borderline personality disorder.
METHODS:Emotion regulation strategies were a distracting task, individual positive memory imagery, individual soothing imagery, and a neutral comparison condition. During two separate sessions, 17 participants watched either neutral or negative movie segments before using these strategies.
RESULTS:All three strategies influenced emotions into a favorable direction as compared to the neutral comparison condition. The positive memory image increased positive emotions significantly stronger than counting colors and distracting.
DISCUSSION:Different strategies seem to have similar effects in decreasing negative emotions. Positive emotions may be affected in particular by positive and soothing imagery techniques.

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Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
11 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:12 Nov 2014 16:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0005-7967
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.10.005
PubMed ID:21092936

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