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Cross-sectional area measurements versus volumetric assessment of the quadriceps femoris muscle in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions


Marcon, Magda; Ciritsis, Bernhard; Laux, Christoph; Nanz, Daniel; Nguyen-Kim, Thi Dan Linh; Fischer, Michael A; Andreisek, Gustav; Ulbrich, Erika J (2015). Cross-sectional area measurements versus volumetric assessment of the quadriceps femoris muscle in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions. European Radiology, 25(2):290-298.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Our aim was to validate the use of cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements at multiple quadriceps muscle levels for estimating the total muscle volume (TMV), and to define the best correlating measurement level. METHODS Prospective institutional review board (IRB)-approved study with written informed patient consent. Thighs of thirty-four consecutive patients with ACL-reconstructions (men, 22; women, 12) were imaged at 1.5-T using three-dimensional (3D) spoiled dual gradient-echo sequences. CSA was measured at three levels: 15, 20, and 25 cm above the knee joint line. TMV was determined using dedicated volumetry software with semiautomatic segmentation. Pearson's correlation and regression analysis (including standard error of the estimate, SEE) was used to compare CSA and TMV. RESULTS The mean ± standard deviation (SD) for the CSA was 60.6 ± 12.8 cm(2) (range, 35.6-93.4 cm(2)), 71.1 ± 15.1 cm(2) (range, 42.5-108.9 cm(2)) and 74.2 ± 17.1 cm(2) (range, 40.9-115.9 cm(2)) for CSA-15, CSA-20 and CSA-25, respectively. The mean ± SD quadriceps' TMV was 1949 ± 533.7 cm(3) (range, 964.0-3283.0 cm(3)). Pearson correlation coefficient was r = 0.835 (p < 0.01), r = 0.906 (p < 0.01), and r = 0.956 (p < 0.01) for CSA-15, CSA-20 and CSA-25, respectively. Corresponding SEE, expressed as percentage of the TMV, were 15.2 %, 11.6 % and 8.1 %, respectively. CONCLUSION The best correlation coefficient between quadriceps CSA and TMV was found for CSA-25, but its clinical application to estimate the TMV is limited by a relatively large SEE. KEY POINTS • Cross-sectional area was used to estimate QFM size in patients with ACL-reconstruction • A high correlation coefficient exists between quadriceps CSA and volume • Best correlation was seen 25 cm above the knee joint line • A relatively large standard error of the estimate limits CSA application.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Our aim was to validate the use of cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements at multiple quadriceps muscle levels for estimating the total muscle volume (TMV), and to define the best correlating measurement level. METHODS Prospective institutional review board (IRB)-approved study with written informed patient consent. Thighs of thirty-four consecutive patients with ACL-reconstructions (men, 22; women, 12) were imaged at 1.5-T using three-dimensional (3D) spoiled dual gradient-echo sequences. CSA was measured at three levels: 15, 20, and 25 cm above the knee joint line. TMV was determined using dedicated volumetry software with semiautomatic segmentation. Pearson's correlation and regression analysis (including standard error of the estimate, SEE) was used to compare CSA and TMV. RESULTS The mean ± standard deviation (SD) for the CSA was 60.6 ± 12.8 cm(2) (range, 35.6-93.4 cm(2)), 71.1 ± 15.1 cm(2) (range, 42.5-108.9 cm(2)) and 74.2 ± 17.1 cm(2) (range, 40.9-115.9 cm(2)) for CSA-15, CSA-20 and CSA-25, respectively. The mean ± SD quadriceps' TMV was 1949 ± 533.7 cm(3) (range, 964.0-3283.0 cm(3)). Pearson correlation coefficient was r = 0.835 (p < 0.01), r = 0.906 (p < 0.01), and r = 0.956 (p < 0.01) for CSA-15, CSA-20 and CSA-25, respectively. Corresponding SEE, expressed as percentage of the TMV, were 15.2 %, 11.6 % and 8.1 %, respectively. CONCLUSION The best correlation coefficient between quadriceps CSA and TMV was found for CSA-25, but its clinical application to estimate the TMV is limited by a relatively large SEE. KEY POINTS • Cross-sectional area was used to estimate QFM size in patients with ACL-reconstruction • A high correlation coefficient exists between quadriceps CSA and volume • Best correlation was seen 25 cm above the knee joint line • A relatively large standard error of the estimate limits CSA application.

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4 citations in Web of Science®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:18 Nov 2014 15:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:31
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-014-3424-2
PubMed ID:25358592

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