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Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: three perspectives on personality


Schaffhuser, Kathrin; Allemand, Mathias; Martin, Mike (2014). Personality traits and relationship satisfaction in intimate couples: three perspectives on personality. European Journal of Personality, 28(2):120-133.

Abstract

Personality traits are important predictors of relationship satisfaction. However, the majority of previous study findings are based on self-perceptions of personality. Thus, by means of the self-, partner-, and meta-perceptions of personality, the present study focused on three different perspectives on the Big Five personality traits to examine dyadic associations with relationship satisfaction of intimate couples. The study was based on the first measurement occasion of the Swiss longitudinal study ‘Co-Development in Personality: Longitudinal Approaches to Personality Development in Dyads across the Life Span’ and included data of 216 couples. The main analyses were based on Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Three general findings emerged. First, the three personality perspectives represented related, albeit distinct, constructs, and showed incremental validity with respect to relationship satisfaction. Second, neuroticism was negatively related to relationship satisfaction, whereas agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to relationship satisfaction across all perspectives. Third, substantial associations between extraversion and relationship satisfaction were exclusively evident in terms of the partner- and meta-perception. The present results contribute to the literature by showing that each perspective is essential for the understanding of the role of personality for relationship satisfaction.

Abstract

Personality traits are important predictors of relationship satisfaction. However, the majority of previous study findings are based on self-perceptions of personality. Thus, by means of the self-, partner-, and meta-perceptions of personality, the present study focused on three different perspectives on the Big Five personality traits to examine dyadic associations with relationship satisfaction of intimate couples. The study was based on the first measurement occasion of the Swiss longitudinal study ‘Co-Development in Personality: Longitudinal Approaches to Personality Development in Dyads across the Life Span’ and included data of 216 couples. The main analyses were based on Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Three general findings emerged. First, the three personality perspectives represented related, albeit distinct, constructs, and showed incremental validity with respect to relationship satisfaction. Second, neuroticism was negatively related to relationship satisfaction, whereas agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to relationship satisfaction across all perspectives. Third, substantial associations between extraversion and relationship satisfaction were exclusively evident in terms of the partner- and meta-perception. The present results contribute to the literature by showing that each perspective is essential for the understanding of the role of personality for relationship satisfaction.

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22 citations in Web of Science®
22 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:DoktoratPSYCH Erstautor
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:27 Nov 2014 10:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0890-2070
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/per.1948

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