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Regulation of innate immunity by the molecular machinery of macroautophagy


Münz, Christian (2014). Regulation of innate immunity by the molecular machinery of macroautophagy. Cellular Microbiology, 16(11):1627-1636.

Abstract

Innate immune responses are the first line of defence for an organism to restrict invading pathogens. They fulfil two main functions, namely detection of the pathogen to successively alarm the appropriate components of the immune system and early inhibition of the infection to prevent demise of the infected organism before a more tailored immune response, usually mediated by the adaptive immune system, can be mounted. Autophagy and phagocytosis, modified by the autophagic core machinery, contribute to these functions by regulating pathogen detection, influencing the production of innate immune mediators and directly restricting intracellular and extracellular pathogens as an effector mechanism of innate immunity. These aspects of the involvement of mainly macroautophagy in innate immune responses will be discussed in this review.

Abstract

Innate immune responses are the first line of defence for an organism to restrict invading pathogens. They fulfil two main functions, namely detection of the pathogen to successively alarm the appropriate components of the immune system and early inhibition of the infection to prevent demise of the infected organism before a more tailored immune response, usually mediated by the adaptive immune system, can be mounted. Autophagy and phagocytosis, modified by the autophagic core machinery, contribute to these functions by regulating pathogen detection, influencing the production of innate immune mediators and directly restricting intracellular and extracellular pathogens as an effector mechanism of innate immunity. These aspects of the involvement of mainly macroautophagy in innate immune responses will be discussed in this review.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:November 2014
Deposited On:09 Dec 2014 16:05
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 08:44
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1462-5814
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cmi.12358
PubMed ID:25244600

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