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Role of human natural killer cells during Epstein Barr virus infection


Münz, Christian (2014). Role of human natural killer cells during Epstein Barr virus infection. Critical Reviews in Immunology, 34(6):501-507.

Abstract

Human natural killer (NK) cells have been suggested to restrict viral infections. However, the evidence for this notion is mostly circumstantial. Recent studies in mice with reconstituted human immune system components, children with symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and in secondary lymphoid tissues of healthy EBV carriers have, however, shown that early differentiated human NK cells limit lytic EBV replication and thereby prevent the immunopathological expansion of lytic EBV antigen specific CD8+ T cells that is known as infectious mononucleosis (IM). These findings, which will be discussed in this review, might offer the opportunity to identify EBV negative adolescents at risk to develop IM, and also more generally provide a good example to document restriction of a viral infection by human NK cells.

Abstract

Human natural killer (NK) cells have been suggested to restrict viral infections. However, the evidence for this notion is mostly circumstantial. Recent studies in mice with reconstituted human immune system components, children with symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and in secondary lymphoid tissues of healthy EBV carriers have, however, shown that early differentiated human NK cells limit lytic EBV replication and thereby prevent the immunopathological expansion of lytic EBV antigen specific CD8+ T cells that is known as infectious mononucleosis (IM). These findings, which will be discussed in this review, might offer the opportunity to identify EBV negative adolescents at risk to develop IM, and also more generally provide a good example to document restriction of a viral infection by human NK cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:2014
Deposited On:10 Dec 2014 12:55
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 08:44
Publisher:Begell House
ISSN:1040-8401
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2014012312

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