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Cardiovascular event rates in the MOSAIC trial: 2-year follow-up data


Turnbull, C D; Craig, S E; Kohler, M; Nicoll, D; Stradling, J (2014). Cardiovascular event rates in the MOSAIC trial: 2-year follow-up data. Thorax, 69(10):950.

Abstract

The Multicentre Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Intervention Cardiovascular (MOSAIC) trial investigated the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on both sleepiness and predicted cardiovascular risk over 6 months in minimally symptomatic patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Although there was clear benefit in terms of Epworth Sleepiness Score, there was no improvement in blood pressure and predicted vascular risk score. In order to calculate the required size of future trials, with real vascular events as the endpoint, the rate of such events in this population is needed. 188 patients from the original trial were followed for 2 years. The overall number of new vascular events over the 2 years was 25, and all-cause mortality was 4. There was a weak statistically significant reduction in vascular events in the CPAP group (p=0.049). Large-scale randomised trials are needed to determine if CPAP causes a real reduction in vascular events in minimally symptomatic patients. Based on our figures, future trials of CPAP versus no treatment would need to randomise approximately 2540 patients to not miss a real reduction in vascular events and over 6000 for mortality.

Abstract

The Multicentre Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Intervention Cardiovascular (MOSAIC) trial investigated the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on both sleepiness and predicted cardiovascular risk over 6 months in minimally symptomatic patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Although there was clear benefit in terms of Epworth Sleepiness Score, there was no improvement in blood pressure and predicted vascular risk score. In order to calculate the required size of future trials, with real vascular events as the endpoint, the rate of such events in this population is needed. 188 patients from the original trial were followed for 2 years. The overall number of new vascular events over the 2 years was 25, and all-cause mortality was 4. There was a weak statistically significant reduction in vascular events in the CPAP group (p=0.049). Large-scale randomised trials are needed to determine if CPAP causes a real reduction in vascular events in minimally symptomatic patients. Based on our figures, future trials of CPAP versus no treatment would need to randomise approximately 2540 patients to not miss a real reduction in vascular events and over 6000 for mortality.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2014
Deposited On:09 Jan 2015 16:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:36
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0040-6376
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204826
PubMed ID:24508706

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